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      Effects of Antihypertensive Drugs or Glycemic Control on Antioxidant Enzyme Activities in Spontaneously Hypertensive Rats with Diabetes

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          Abstract

          The activities of glomerular intrinsic antioxidant enzymes (AOEs) were measured in a diabetic spontaneously hypertensive rat (SHR) model. The effects of antihypertensive drugs, i.e. captopril or triple therapy (hydralazine, reserpine, and hydrochlorothiazide), on glomerular intrinsic AOE activities in this model were evaluated. The effects of blood glucose control on the AOE activities were also determined. The aim of the present study was to determine whether activities of glomerular intrinsic AOEs might correlate with disease activity in diabetic SHR. This study showed a decrease of glomerular intrinsic AOE, i.e. Cu/Zn-SOD and Mn-SOD (SOD = superoxide dismutase), glutathione peroxidase, and catalase, activities in diabetic SHR. Glomerular Cu/ Zn-SOD or Mn-SOD, glutathione peroxidase, and catalase activities in non-diabetic SHR were slightly lower than those in nondiabetic WKY rats. These activities in diabetic SHR were significantly improved after captopril or triple therapy or blood glucose control. The levels of urinary albumin excretion, creatinine clearance, and glomerular tuft areas in diabetic SHR were also improved after the therapy. It appears that hypertension and hyperglycemia may influence the glomerular intrinsic AOE activities, albuminuria, creatinine clearance, and glomerular tuft areas in diabetic SHR. Thus, it is indicated that control of blood pressure or blood glucose is a very important factor for preventing renal injuries in the diabetic SHR model.

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          Author and article information

          Journal
          NEF
          Nephron
          10.1159/issn.1660-8151
          Nephron
          S. Karger AG
          1660-8151
          2235-3186
          1997
          1997
          23 December 2008
          : 76
          : 3
          : 323-330
          Affiliations
          Division of Nephrology, Department of Medicine, Juntendo University School of Medicine, Tokyo, Japan
          Article
          190199 Nephron 1997;76:323–330
          10.1159/000190199
          9226234
          © 1997 S. Karger AG, Basel

          Copyright: All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be translated into other languages, reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, microcopying, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher. Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in government regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug. Disclaimer: The statements, opinions and data contained in this publication are solely those of the individual authors and contributors and not of the publishers and the editor(s). The appearance of advertisements or/and product references in the publication is not a warranty, endorsement, or approval of the products or services advertised or of their effectiveness, quality or safety. The publisher and the editor(s) disclaim responsibility for any injury to persons or property resulting from any ideas, methods, instructions or products referred to in the content or advertisements.

          Page count
          Pages: 8
          Categories
          Original Paper

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