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      Novel ecosystems: implications for conservation and restoration

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      Trends in Ecology & Evolution

      Elsevier BV

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          Abstract

          Many ecosystems are rapidly being transformed into new, non-historical configurations owing to a variety of local and global changes. We discuss how new systems can arise in the face of primarily biotic change (extinction and/or invasion), primarily abiotic change (e.g. land use or climate change) and a combination of both. Some changes will result in hybrid systems retaining some original characteristics as well as novel elements, whereas larger changes will result in novel systems, which comprise different species, interactions and functions. We suggest that these novel systems will require significant revision of conservation and restoration norms and practices away from the traditional place-based focus on existing or historical assemblages.

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          Author and article information

          Journal
          Trends in Ecology & Evolution
          Trends in Ecology & Evolution
          Elsevier BV
          01695347
          November 2009
          November 2009
          : 24
          : 11
          : 599-605
          Article
          10.1016/j.tree.2009.05.012
          19683830
          © 2009

          https://www.elsevier.com/tdm/userlicense/1.0/

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