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      Using Stem Suppletion for Semantic Reconstruction: The Case of Indo-European Modals and East Baltic Future Tense Formations

      Indo-European Linguistics

      Brill

      Indo-European, Baltic, morphology, suppletion, semantics

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          Abstract

          As is well known, PIE possessed several distinct sigmatic formations with modal or future-like semantics. The paper deals with two sigmatic formations which must be reconstructed for PIE and obviously possessed a similar semantic value. First: a full grade - si̯e/o-formation which is attested in Indo-Iranian, Continental Celtic and Balto-Slavonic; and second, an athematic - s-formation which is attested in Italic and in the Eastern branch of Baltic. The diverging morphology of these formations implies that they originally also differed in their semantics. The problem is that both formations are reflected as simple future tense in all daughterlanguages which preserved them. However, it seems possible to detect the original semantic difference between these formations by using the evidence of the only IE branch which preserved both formations side by side, i.e. Baltic. The paper investigates the morphology of the sigmatic future tense in dialects of Lithuanian and Latvian and shows that for the common prehistory of East Baltic dialects a secondary conflation of originally independent PIE formations—- si̯e/o-formation and - s-formation—in one single paradigm must be assumed. The particular distribution of both formations within the unified paradigm of Proto-East-Baltic makes it possible to obtain information on the lost semantic difference between them. Possible traces of the - si̯e/o-formation in the only recorded West Baltic language, Old Prussian, seem to confirm the conclusions drawn on the basis of the East Baltic evidence.

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            The Vocalism of the Lithuanian Sigmatic Future

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              Author and article information

              Contributors
              Journal
              22125892
              Indo-European Linguistics
              IEUL
              Brill (The Netherlands )
              2212-5884
              2212-5892
              2014
              : 2
              : 1
              : 42-72
              Affiliations
              Germanic Linguistics, University of Erfurt, Erfurt, Germany eugen.hill@ 123456uni-erfurt.de
              10.1163/22125892-00201002
              Copyright 2014 by Eugen Hill

              This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 3.0 Unported (CC BY-NC 3.0) License.

              Social & Behavioral Sciences, Law

              semantics, suppletion, morphology, Baltic, Indo-European

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