1
views
0
recommends
+1 Recommend
1 collections
    0
    shares
      • Record: found
      • Abstract: found
      • Article: found

      Could Primary Hyperparathyroidism-Related Hypercalcemia Induce Hypercalcitoninemia?

      Read this article at

      ScienceOpenPublisherPubMed
      Bookmark
          There is no author summary for this article yet. Authors can add summaries to their articles on ScienceOpen to make them more accessible to a non-specialist audience.

          Abstract

          Aims: To determine if primary hyperparathyroidism (pHPT) per se may be responsible of hypercalcitoninemia. pHPT induces chronic hypercalcemia that should be expected to be a potential stimulatory pathway of calcitonin (CT) secretion and to cause hypercalcitoninemia. Method: We studied relationships between CT and pHPT-related chronic hypercalcemia in 122 patients aged 25–83 years who underwent parathyroid surgery. CT, calcium and PTH plasma levels were measured in all patients preoperatively. CT was measured by a current immunometric assay specific of mature CT monomer. Results: Of our 122 patients with pHPT-related hypercalcemia, 120 (98.4%) had normal CT values of less than 10 pg/ml and two (1.6%) exhibited a mildly increased CT above 10 pg/ml (11 and 12 pg/ml, respectively). We evidenced no relationship between CT and calcium level or PTH level. Conclusions: Chronic pHPT-related hypercalcemia per se does not cause hypercalcitoninemia. The finding of pHPT concomitant with high CT levels should raise suspicion of multiple endocrine neoplasia type 2A.

          Related collections

          Most cited references 14

          • Record: found
          • Abstract: not found
          • Article: not found

          Laboratory medicine practice guidelines. Laboratory support for the diagnosis and monitoring of thyroid disease.

            Bookmark
            • Record: found
            • Abstract: found
            • Article: not found

            Reference range of serum calcitonin levels in humans: influence of calcitonin assays, sex, age, and cigarette smoking.

            The objective of this study was to re-evaluate the adult C(T) reference values determined by five different immunoassays and by introducing criteria for selecting control subjects. A prospective multicenter study. Three hundred and seventy-five clinically euthyroid subjects. We used five different C(T) immunoassays. Sera were assayed for the concentration of TSH, gastrin, procalcitonin, urea, calcium, and anti-thyroperoxidase antibodies. Screening for the various potential causes of hypercalcitoninemia led to the exclusion of 23% of the sera. Our reference value analysis dealt with 287 subjects (142 men and 145 women). The proportion of samples in which no C(T) was detected varied from 56% (for assay D) to 88% (for assay C). We observed significant correlations (whose magnitude depended on the assay used) between C(T) levels and age or body mass index (BMI) (primarily in men). The distribution of C(T) levels showed that 4.7, 9.8, 2.5, 6.5, and 8.0% of the values were over 10 pg/ml respectively. These values corresponded essentially to samples from 11 male subjects (median age: 55 years), most of whom were smokers. The highest C(T) values were around twice as high in men than women, and were higher in smokers than non-smokers. Conclusion In clinical practice (and after having excluded the usual causes of raised C(T) levels), the interpretation of C(T) assay results must take into account i) the method used; ii) the patient's gender, age, and weight; and iii) the potential influence of cigarette smoking.
              Bookmark
              • Record: found
              • Abstract: found
              • Article: not found

              Frequency and relevance of elevated calcitonin levels in patients with neoplastic and nonneoplastic thyroid disease and in healthy subjects.

              Routine measurement of serum calcitonin (CT) has been recently proposed for all patients with neoplastic thyroid disease to detect clinically occult medullary thyroid carcinoma (MTC). Data on the prevalence of elevated CT levels in nonneoplastic thyroid disease or in healthy subjects have not been reported to date. Four hundred and fourteen consecutive patients with suspected thyroid disease and 362 healthy controls underwent thyroid examination with measurement of basal serum CT. Whenever serum CT was 10 pg/ml or more, a pentagastrin (PG) stimulation test was performed. Twenty-eight of 414 patients (6.8%) showed elevated basal serum CT levels, 15 of them with nonneoplastic thyroid disease, and the remaining 13 subjects with neoplastic thyroid disease. Four patients with abnormal PG testing (stimulated CT, > or = 100 pg/ml) were identified. Three of them had biochemical and sonographical evidence of thyroiditis. Elevated basal CT levels were significantly more frequent in patients with Hashimoto's thyroiditis (HT; P < 0.05). One female patient with HT had a 5-mm nodule, which was classified as MTC. None of the 6 out of 362 healthy controls with elevated basal CT (1.7%) presented an abnormal PG test. Our data suggest that basal CT measurements can be of use in the detection/screening of MTC not only in subjects with neoplastic thyroid disorders, but also in patients with immunological evidence of HT. They also confirm earlier reports on the essential value of PG stimulation testing, even when basal plasma CT levels are only modestly elevated, with regard to establishing the diagnosis of MTC or its premalignant associated conditions (micro-MTC and neoplastic C cell hyperplasia).
                Bookmark

                Author and article information

                Journal
                HRP
                Horm Res Paediatr
                10.1159/issn.1663-2818
                Hormone Research in Paediatrics
                S. Karger AG
                1663-2818
                1663-2826
                2010
                April 2010
                14 April 2010
                : 73
                : 5
                : 372-375
                Affiliations
                aFaculté de Médecine, Université de la Méditerranée et Service d’Endocrinologie, Diabète et Maladies Métaboliques, bService de Chirurgie Endocrinienne, et cLaboratoire de Médecine Nucléaire, CHU Timone, Marseille, France
                Article
                308170 Horm Res Paediatr 2010;73:372–375
                10.1159/000308170
                20389108
                © 2010 S. Karger AG, Basel

                Copyright: All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be translated into other languages, reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, microcopying, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher. Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in government regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug. Disclaimer: The statements, opinions and data contained in this publication are solely those of the individual authors and contributors and not of the publishers and the editor(s). The appearance of advertisements or/and product references in the publication is not a warranty, endorsement, or approval of the products or services advertised or of their effectiveness, quality or safety. The publisher and the editor(s) disclaim responsibility for any injury to persons or property resulting from any ideas, methods, instructions or products referred to in the content or advertisements.

                Page count
                Figures: 1, References: 25, Pages: 4
                Categories
                Original Paper

                Comments

                Comment on this article