Blog
About

  • Record: found
  • Abstract: found
  • Article: found
Is Open Access

Fatores de risco para readmissão hospitalar de crianças e adolescentes asmáticos Translated title: Risk factors for multiple hospital admissions among children and adolescents with asthma

Read this article at

Bookmark
      There is no author summary for this article yet. Authors can add summaries to their articles on ScienceOpen to make them more accessible to a non-specialist audience.

      Abstract

      OBJETIVO: Verificar a importância da admissão hospitalar de lactentes jovens na readmissão futura por asma. MÉTODOS: Realizou-se uma avaliação retrospectiva de prontuários de 202 pacientes, menores de quinze anos, registrados em ambulatório de Pneumologia Pediátrica, que foram reinternados uma ou mais vezes. O tempo decorrido entre a primeira hospitalização e a subseqüente readmissão foi analisado pelo método de Kaplan Meier, ao passo que a comparação entre as curvas de sobrevivência para diferentes faixas etárias foi analisada pelo teste log-rank. Empregou-se ainda análise multivariada para avaliação dos fatores de risco associados à readmissão. RESULTADOS: Readmissões foram observadas na quase totalidade dos pacientes nos dezoito meses seguintes à primeira hospitalização (94,5%). Quando a idade à primeira admissão hospitalar foi =12 meses, a readmissão foi mais precoce, comparada à do grupo com doze meses ou mais (p = 0,001). Os fatores de risco associados à readmissão foram: idades à primeira admissão inferiores a doze meses (odds ratio: 2,55, intervalo de confiança de 95%: 1,18 - 5,48) e entre treze e 24 meses (odds ratio: 3,54, intervalo de confiança de 95%: 1,31 - 9,63), e gravidade do quadro clínico de asma (odds ratio: 3,86, intervalo de confiança de 95%: 2,02 - 7,4). CONCLUSÃO: Após a primeira hospitalização, as crianças com asma devem ter acompanhamento rigoroso, pois o risco de readmissão é elevado nos primeiros meses após a alta, principalmente nos menores de dois anos. Os serviços de saúde devem se organizar adequadamente para enfrentar este problema, inclusive quanto à ampla dispensação de medicação profilática.

      Translated abstract

      OBJECTIVE: To determine the influence that hospital admission of suckling infants with asthma has on their risk for future admissions for the same cause. METHODS: A retrospective study was conducted, in which the charts of 202 patients, all less than fifteen years of age, were evaluated. All of the patients had been treated as outpatients in a pediatric pulmonology clinic and had been admitted to the hospital on one or more occasions. A multivariate analysis was conducted in order to evaluate the risk factors associated with multiple hospitalizations. RESULTS: Virtually all of the patients evaluated were hospitalized a second time within 18 months of the first hospitalization. Among the patients first hospitalized at = 12 months of age, the second admission occurred sooner than did that recorded for those first hospitalized at > 12 months of age (p = 0.001). The risk factors found to be associated with multiple hospital admissions were as follows: age at first admission = 12 months (odds ratio: 2.55; 95% confidence interval: 1.18-5.48); age at first admission between 13 and 24 months (odds ratio: 3.54; 95% confidence interval: 1.31-9.63); and severity of asthma symptoms (odds ratio: 3.86; 95% confidence interval: 2.02-7.40). CONCLUSION: After the first hospitalization, children with asthma should be closely monitored, since the risk of subsequent admissions is elevated in the first months following discharge, especially among those of less than two years of age. Health care facilities should be organized to confront this problem appropriately and should dispense prophylactic medication more freely.

      Related collections

      Most cited references 31

      • Record: found
      • Abstract: found
      • Article: not found

      Hospital readmissions as a measure of quality of health care: advantages and limitations.

      We reviewed the recent literature on hospital readmissions and found that most of them are believed to be caused by patient frailty and progression of chronic disease. However, from 9% to 48% of all readmissions have been judged to be preventable because they were associated with indicators of substandard care during the index hospitalization, such as poor resolution of the main problem, unstable therapy at discharge, and inadequate postdischarge care. Furthermore, randomized prospective trials have shown that 12% to 75% of all readmissions can be prevented by patient education, predischarge assessment, and domiciliary aftercare. We conclude that most readmissions seem to be caused by unmodifiable causes, and that, pending an agreed-on method to adjust for confounders, global readmission rates are not a useful indicator of quality of care. However, high readmission rates of patients with defined conditions, such as diabetes and bronchial asthma, may identify quality-of-care problems. A focus on the specific needs of such patients may lead to the creation of more responsive health care systems for the chronically ill.
        Bookmark
        • Record: found
        • Abstract: found
        • Article: not found

        Development of wheezing disorders and asthma in preschool children.

        Recent longitudinal studies have shed light on the pathogenesis and progression of asthma. The patterns of expression of childhood asthma that persist into adult life have been explored. Distinct asthma phenotypes (transient wheezing, nonatopic wheezing, and atopy-associated asthma) have been identified. Defining which children are at risk for persistent asthma could allow for better management and, potentially, for reduced morbidity and mortality.
          Bookmark
          • Record: found
          • Abstract: not found
          • Article: not found

          Global initiative for asthma. Global strategy for asthma management and prevention

          (1995)
            Bookmark

            Author and article information

            Affiliations
            [1 ] Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais Brazil
            [2 ] Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais Brazil
            [3 ] Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais Brazil
            Contributors
            Role: ND
            Role: ND
            Role: ND
            Role: ND
            Journal
            jbpneu
            Jornal Brasileiro de Pneumologia
            J. bras. pneumol.
            Sociedade Brasileira de Pneumologia e Tisiologia (São Paulo )
            1806-3756
            October 2006
            : 32
            : 5
            : 391-399
            S1806-37132006000500004
            10.1590/S1806-37132006000500004

            http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/

            Product
            Product Information: SciELO Brazil
            Categories
            RESPIRATORY SYSTEM

            Comments

            Comment on this article