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      Ciencia y debate antropológico: distintas perspectivas

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          Abstract

          Los cambios científicos y tecnológicos producidos en el campo académico e industrial desde fines del siglo XX plantean un desafío para la antropología, en cuanto recurso analítico para comprenderlos y explicarlos. Debates dentro y fuera de la disciplina generaron enfoques aquí caracterizados como la antropología como recurso, como intervención, como etnografía de lo contemporáneo y como antropología del presente. La reflexión crítica de las diferentes escuelas antropológicas ofrece conceptos claves a los autores de los estudios sociales de la ciencia, que en algunos casos los incorporan como aportes Categorías como relativismo y cultura impregnaron el marco interpretativo tanto de antropólogos como de historiadores y sociólogos de la ciencia. Se destacan, en particular, los aportes de Rabinow y Althabe superadores de las últimas murallas protectoras del relativismo cultural, y su uso analógico en el estudio de la propia sociedad. En ese nuevo escenario el antropólogo encuentra su lugar, construye su objeto de estudio y crea la autonomía de su intervención.

          Translated abstract

          The scientific and technological changes taken place in the academic and industrial field from ends of the XX century outline a challenge for the anthropology, as soon as analytic resource to understand them and to explain to them. Debates inside and outside of the discipline they generated focuses, here characterized as the anthropology like resource, as intervention, as ethnographyc contemporary and finally as present's anthropology. The critical reflection of the different anthropological schools offers key concepts to the authors of the social studies of science whom incorporate them in some cases as contributions like relativism and culture's categories impregnating the interpretative point of vue of anthropologists, historians and sociologists of the science. They stand out, in particular, the contributions of Rabinow and Althabe overcoming the last walls protectors of the cultural relativism, and their analogical use in the study of the own society. In that new scenario the anthropologist finds his place, it builds his study object and configurates the autonomy of his intervention.

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          Most cited references 48

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          La interpretación de las culturas

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            Os Pensadores

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              Verdad y método

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                Author and article information

                Contributors
                Role: ND
                Journal
                cas
                Cuadernos de antropología social
                Cuad. antropol. soc.
                Universidad de Buenos Aires. Facultad de Filosofía y Letras. Instituto de Ciencias Antropológicas. Sección de Antropología Social (Buenos Aires, , Argentina )
                1850-275X
                December 2003
                : 0
                : 18
                : 87-105
                Affiliations
                orgnameUBA orgdiv1Facultad de Filosofía y Letras orgdiv2Instituto de Ciencias Antropológicas
                Article
                S1850-275X2003000200007

                This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.

                Page count
                Figures: 0, Tables: 0, Equations: 0, References: 33, Pages: 19
                Product
                Product Information: SciELO Argentina

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