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      Combining alcohol and energy drinks: An examination of psychosocial constructs and alcohol outcomes among college students using a longitudinal design.

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          Abstract

          Combining alcohol and energy drinks (e.g., Red Bull and vodka) is a significant problem on college campuses. To date, few studies have examined psychosocial constructs specific to alcohol-energy drink cocktail (AmED) consumption that could be amenable to change via prevention efforts targeting this population. The aim of the current study was to examine differences in AmED-specific attitudes, beliefs, normative perceptions among students who report AmED use compared to college student drinkers who consume alcohol only. In addition, these two groups were compared on their intentions to consume AmEDs, actual AmED use, and other drinking outcomes using a longitudinal design. Participants (N = 386, 59% female) completed a web-based survey in the spring of their first year of college and fall of their second year assessing alcohol-energy drink cocktail use, psychosocial decision-making constructs, heavy drinking, and alcohol-related consequences. Findings revealed that combiners of alcohol and energy drinks had more positive attitudes and beliefs about AmED use, higher perceived peer norms, and stronger intentions toward future use. Accordingly, at Time 2, this group reported significantly higher AmED use, along with high-risk drinking and related consequences. The findings reinforce that AmED use is associated with risky drinking practices, and suggest potential targets for change for future prevention efforts.

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          Author and article information

          Journal
          Addict Res Theory
          Addiction research & theory
          Informa UK Limited
          1606-6359
          Apr 01 2014
          : 22
          : 2
          Affiliations
          [1 ] Prevention Research Center, Berkeley, USA.
          [2 ] Department of Biobehavioral Health & Prevention Research Center, The Pennsylvania State University, State College, USA.
          [3 ] Rutgers, The State University of New Jersey, Center of Alcohol Studies, Piscataway, USA.
          Article
          NIHMS544240
          10.3109/16066359.2013.804510
          4207644
          25346654

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