30 January 2021
Electron beam melting is a powder bed fusion (PBF) additive manufacturing (AM) method for metals offering opportunities for the reduction of material waste and freedom of design, but unfortunately also suffering from material defects from production. The stochastic nature of defect formation leads to a scatter in the fatigue performance of the material, preventing wider use of this production method for fatigue critical components. In this work, fatigue test data from electron beam melted Ti-6Al-4V specimens machined from as-built material are compared to deterministic fatigue crack growth calculations and probabilistically modeled fatigue life. X-ray computed tomography (XCT) data evaluated using extreme value statistics are used as the model input. Results show that the probabilistic model is able to provide a good conservative life estimate, as well as accurate predictive scatter bands. It is also shown that the use of XCT-data as the model input is feasible, requiring little investigated material volume for model calibration.