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      Förderung der Lebenskompetenz und Resilienz in Kindertageseinrichtung und Grundschule

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          Abstract

          In diesem Beitrag wird ein Überblick über die Projekte der Förderung der seelischen Gesundheit – operationalisiert durch das Resilienz- und Lebenskompetenzkonzept – in Kindertageseinrichtungen am Freiburger Zentrum für Kinder- und Jugendforschung und die zugrundelegenden theoretischen Konstrukte gegeben. Anschließend werden Forschungsdesign und Ergebnisse der Studie „Prävention zur Verhinderung von Exklusion – Förderung der seelischen Gesundheit in Einrichtungen der Kindertagesbetreuung in Quartieren mit besonderen Problemlagen“ referiert. Es konnte gezeigt werden, dass mittels eines Mehrebenen-Ansatzes im Setting Kita der Selbstwert der Kinder gesteigert und z. T. kognitive Entwicklungsparameter positiv verändert werden konnten. Die Eltern berichteten über steigende Erziehungssicherheit und die pädagogischen Fachkräfte über eine erhöhte Arbeitszufriedenheit.

          Promotion of life skills and resilience in kindergarten and primary school

          This article gives an overview of research studies on the promotion children's mental health – operationalized by the resilience and life skill concept. These studies were carried out by the Freiburger Centre of Research in Childhood and Adolescence. After the description of the theoretical background the project “Avoiding Exclusion by Reinforcing Prevention – Promotion of Mental Health in Early Childhood Institutions in Deprived Areas” is presented. This project aimed to empower early childhood institutions to promote the resilience and mental health of children who are growing up in adverse conditions or disadvantaged communities. To reach these goals, a holistic and multidimensional setting approach, including professionals, children, parents and social networks, was realised in early childhood institutions (kindergarten), situated in areas with a high level of diversity (e. g., high percentage of immigrant families, high poverty levels). The project shows the positive results of a multidimensional setting approach in prevention. The children's results show, compared with the control-group and over time, positive effects on self-esteem, behavioral stability, and cognitive development in the children who participated in the project (treatment group). Beside the measurable results, some important general experiences were shown that promote the development of children: Early childhood institutions have the opportunity of reaching parents successfully in being able to contact them and motivate them to co-operate. The project shows as well which key roles professional staff can play in early childhood institutions, schools, and therapy, if they approach children in a manner that enables them to reflect on their experiences and integrate these experiences into their self-image.

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          Most cited references 21

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          Wirksamkeit von Präventionsmaßnahmen bei Kindern und Jugendlichen: Ergebnisse und Implikationen der integrativen Erfolgsforschung

           A Beelmann (2021)
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            Prevention of exclusion: the promotion of resilience in early childhood institutions in disadvantaged areas

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              Prävention von Störungen des Sozialverhaltens – Entwicklungsförderung in Familien: Das Eltern- und Kindertraining EFFEKT. In W. v. Suchodoletz (Hrsg.)

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                Author and article information

                Journal
                zfb
                Frühe Bildung
                Zeitschrift für Erziehung und Bildung inklusive Betreuung im Kindesalter
                Hogrefe Verlag, Göttingen
                2191-9186
                2191-9194
                Oktober 2013
                : 2
                : 4
                : 172-184
                Author notes
                Klaus Fröhlich-Gildhoff, Evangelische Hochschule Freiburg, Bugginger Str. 38, 79114 Freiburg, E-Mail: Klaus.Froehlich-Gildhoff@ 123456eh-freiburg.ekiba.de
                Maike Rönnau-Böse, Evangelische Hochschule Freiburg, Bugginger Str. 38, 79114 Freiburg, E-Mail: roennau-boese@ 123456eh-freiburg.de
                Article
                zfb_2_4_172
                10.1026/2191-9186/a000114
                Product
                Self URI (journal-page): https://econtent.hogrefe.com/loi/zfb
                Categories
                Schwerpunktbeiträge

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