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      Simultaneous quadruple-label fluorometric immunoassay of thyroid-stimulating hormone, 17 alpha-hydroxyprogesterone, immunoreactive trypsin, and creatine kinase MM isoenzyme in dried blood spots.

      Clinical chemistry

      17-alpha-Hydroxyprogesterone, Adrenal Hyperplasia, Congenital, diagnosis, Antibodies, Monoclonal, Creatine Kinase, blood, Cystic Fibrosis, Dysprosium, Europium, Fluoroimmunoassay, methods, standards, statistics & numerical data, Humans, Hydroxyprogesterones, Hypothyroidism, Indicators and Reagents, Infant, Newborn, Isoenzymes, Muscular Dystrophies, Neonatal Screening, Samarium, Terbium, Thyrotropin, Trypsin

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          We describe a quadruple-label fluorometric immunoassay for simultaneously measuring four analytes: thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH), 17 alpha-hydroxyprogesterone (17 alpha-OHP), immunoreactive trypsin (IRT), and creatine kinase MM (CK-MM). The assay is based on immunoreagents labeled with four different lanthanide ions (Eu3+, Tb3+, Sm3+, and Dy3+), on dissociative fluorescence enhancement applying the principle of co-fluorescence, and on time-resolved fluorometry. The monoclonal anti-alpha-TSH and anti-IRT antibodies and the polyclonal anti-CK-MM antibody were labeled with Eu3+, Sm3+, and Dy3+, respectively; 17 alpha-OHP was labeled with Tb3+. The assay was performed in microtitration strip wells coated with a mixture of monoclonal antibodies against beta-TSH, IRT, and CK-MM and a polyclonal goat anti-rabbit IgG for capture of the rabbit anti-17 alpha-OHP antibodies. After completion of the immunoreactions, the bound fractions of the lanthanides were dissociated into the co-fluorescence enhancement solution, creating highly fluorescent chelates. The four lanthanide-specific signals were subsequently measured in a time-resolved fluorometer. The detection limits of the assay were 0.1 mIU/L for TSH, 2 nmol/L for 17 alpha-OHP, 2 micrograms/L for IRT, and 4 U/L for CK-MM.

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