Gudrun Feuchtner a , Thomas Postel b , Franz Weidinger b , Matthias Frick b , Hannes Alber b , Wolfgang Dichtl b , Daniel Jodocy a , Ammar Mallouhi a , Otmar Pachinger b , Dieter zur Nedden a , Guy J. Friedrich b
12 December 2007
Objectives: The purpose of this study was to assess whether different coronary plaque types as classified by multislice computed tomography (CT) are retrospectively correlated with acute coronary syndromes (ACS) in an unselected study population. Methods: Sixty-three consecutive patients were examined with 16-slice CT coronary angiography. Coronary plaque types were classified as calcifying type 1, mixed (calcifying > non-calcifying) type 2, mixed (non-calcifying > calcifying) type 3, and non-calcifying type 4. Patients who had an ACS within 17 days were included. All patients underwent invasive coronary angiography. Results: Fifty-eight patients (92%) had coronary plaques evaluated by CT: 18 type 1 (31%), 10 type 2 (17%), 16 type 3 (28%) and 14 type 4 (24%). The presence of a non-calcifying plaque component (types 2–4; 40 of 63 patients, 63%) was correlated with ACS (n = 15; 24%) (p < 0.001). Only type 3 was significantly correlated with ACS (p = 0.01), but plaque types 2 and 4 were not. The diagnostic accuracy of CT for detection of stenosis >50% in proximal segments was: sensitivity 98%, specificity 90%, negative predictive value 97%, positive predictive value 97% per patient. Conclusions: Mixed calcifying/non-calcifying plaques with a predominantly non-calcifying component (type 3) as classified by multislice CT are retrospectively correlated with ACS.