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      Factors Associated with Larval Control Practices in a Dengue Outbreak Prone Area

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          Abstract

          In order to reduce the risk of dengue outbreak recurrence in a dengue outbreak prone area, the members of the community need to sustain certain behavior to prevent mosquito from breeding. Our study aims to identify the factors associated with larval control practices in this particular community. A cross-sectional study involves 322 respondents living in a dengue outbreak prone area who were interviewed using a pretested questionnaire. The level of knowledge about Aedes mosquitoes, dengue transmission, its symptoms, and personal preventive measures ranges from fair to good. The level of attitude towards preventive measures was high. However, reported level of personal larval control practices was low (33.2%). Our multiple logistic regression analysis showed that only those with a good level of attitude towards personal preventive measure and frequent attendance to health campaigns were significantly associated with the good larval control practices. We conclude that, in a dengue outbreak prone area, having a good attitude towards preventive measures and frequent participation in health campaigns are important factors to sustain practices on larval control.

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          Most cited references 27

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          Dengue and severe dengue

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            A knowledge, attitude and practices (KAP) study on dengue among selected rural communities in the Kuala Kangsar district.

            A cross-sectional survey was conducted to assess the level of knowledge, attitude and practices concerning dengue and its vector Aedes mosquito among selected rural communities in the Kuala Kangsar district from 16-25th June, 2002. It was found that the knowledge of the community was good. Out of the 200 respondents, 82.0% cited that their main source of information on dengue was from television/radio. The respondents' attitude was found to be good and most of them were supportive of Aedes control measures. There is a significant association found between knowledge of dengue and attitude towards Aedes control (p = 0.047). It was also found that good knowledge does not necessarily lead to good practice. This is most likely due to certain practices like water storage for domestic use, which is deeply ingrained in the community. Mass media is an important means of conveying health messages to the public even among the rural population, thus research and development of educational strategies designed to improve behaviour and practice of effective control measures among the villagers are recommended.
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              Biostatistics

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                Author and article information

                Journal
                J Environ Public Health
                J Environ Public Health
                JEPH
                Journal of Environmental and Public Health
                Hindawi Publishing Corporation
                1687-9805
                1687-9813
                2014
                17 September 2014
                : 2014
                Affiliations
                Faculty of Medicine, Universiti Teknologi MARA, Jln Hospital, Sungai Buloh Campus, 47000 Sungai Buloh, Selangor, Malaysia
                Author notes

                Academic Editor: Pam R. Factor-Litvak

                Article
                10.1155/2014/459173
                4182843
                Copyright © 2014 Mariam Mohamad et al.

                This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

                Categories
                Research Article

                Public health

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