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      Manejo de novilhas prenhes aos 13/15 meses de idade em sistemas a pasto Translated title: Pregnant heifers management at 13/15 months of age in grazing systems

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          Abstract

          O trabalho foi realizado para avaliar o desenvolvimento de 32 novilhas primíparas gestantes Aberdeen Angus e mestiças Angus recriadas e acasaladas dos 13 aos 15 meses de idade. O experimento teve início no diagnóstico de gestação pela técnica de ultra-sonografia, realizado 28 dias após o término do período reprodutivo. O peso vivo (PV) inicial médio foi de 288 kg e a condição corporal (CC) inicial média de 3,2 pontos. Nesta ocasião, as novilhas foram distribuídas uniformemente por grupo genético, peso e ordem de concepção em dois sistemas de pastejo. Os sistemas de pastejo foram: PMI - novilhas prenhes mantidas na fase inicial de gestação em pastagem de milheto (Pennisetum americanum, L.); PNA - novilhas prenhes mantidas na fase inicial de gestação em pastagem natural. O pastejo em milheto foi mantido por 67 dias. Ao fim dos tratamentos, as novilhas foram manejadas em grupo único: no pré-parto em pastagem natural, no pós-parto em pastagem de azevém (Lolium multiflorum, Lam) e no segundo período reprodutivo em pastagem natural. Na fase inicial da gestação, o ganho médio diário (GMD), de 0,899 kg, e o ganho de condição corporal (GCC), de 0,34 pontos das PMI, foram superiores ao GMD de 0,377 kg e à perda de -0,15 de CC das PNA. As novilhas PMI tiveram peso vivo pós-parto (PVP) e condição corporal pós-parto (CCP) de 301 kg e de 2,9 pontos, valores superiores aos das PNA, de 267 kg e 2,7 pontos, respectivamente. As taxas de parição, distocia, natalidade e desmame não diferiram entre os tratamentos alimentares. As novilhas PMI chegaram ao início do segundo período reprodutivo com peso (31 kg a mais) e condição corporal (0,30 ponto a mais) superiores. A taxa de prenhez e as estimativas de eficiência produtiva ao parto (EPVP) e ao desmame dos bezerros aos 100 dias de idade (EPVD) não foram alteradas pelo tratamento alimentar. A TP média foi de 77%, a EPVP média de 30,3 e a EPVD de 28,1 kg de bezerro desmamado/100 kg de vaca.

          Translated abstract

          This experiment was carried out to evaluate the development of 32 primiparous beef heifers Aberdeen Angus and Angus crossbred raised and mating from 13 to the 15 months of age. The experiment had beginning in the pregnancy diagnosis of using ultra-sound technique, realized at 28 days after the ending of the reproductive period. The initial average weight and body condition (BC) was 288 kg LW and 3.2 points, respectively. In this occasion, the beef heifers were uniformly distributed by genetic group, LW and conception order in two grazing systems. Grazing systems were: PMI - pregnant beef heifers maintained in the initial pregnancy period on pearl millet pasture (Pennisetum americanum, L.); PNA - pregnant heifers maintained in the initial pregnancy period on natural pasture. Grazed period was 67 days in pearl millet pasture. At end of the treatments the beef heifers were maintained as a unique group: on natural pasture at pre calving period, on annual ryegrass (Lolium multiflorum, Lam) pasture at post calving period and on natural pasture at second reproductive period. In the initial pregnancy phase, the average daily gain (ADG) of 0.899 kg and body condition gain (BCG), 0.34 points of the PMI heifers were higher then the ADG of 0.377 kg and BC lost of -0.15 for PNA heifers. The PMI beef heifers had post calving live weight (PCW) and post calving body condition of 301 kg and 2.9 points, respectively, higher values than of PNA beef heifers, 267 kg and 2.7 points. Calving, dystocia, birth and weaning rates were not different between the feeding treatment. The PMI beef heifers were 31 kg heaviest and with more 0.30 point of BC at initial second reproductive period. The pregnancy rate (PR) and estimations of calving productive efficiency (CPEE) and weaning productive efficiency at 100 days of age (WPEE) were not different between feeding treatments. Mean PR was 77%. Mean CPEE was 30.3 and WPEE 28.1 kg of weaning calf/100 kg of cow.

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          Most cited references 43

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          Nutrient requirements of beef cattle

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            Sistema brasi-leiro de classificação de solos

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              Official Methods of Analysis

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                Author and article information

                Contributors
                Role: ND
                Role: ND
                Journal
                rbz
                Revista Brasileira de Zootecnia
                R. Bras. Zootec.
                Sociedade Brasileira de Zootecnia (Viçosa )
                1806-9290
                July 2008
                : 37
                : 7
                : 1271-1279
                Affiliations
                [1 ] Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul Brazil
                [2 ] Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul Brazil
                Article
                S1516-35982008000700019
                10.1590/S1516-35982008000700019

                http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/

                Product
                Product Information: SciELO Brazil
                Categories
                AGRICULTURE, DAIRY & ANIMAL SCIENCE
                VETERINARY SCIENCES

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