61
views
0
recommends
+1 Recommend
0 collections
    0
    shares
      • Record: found
      • Abstract: found
      • Article: not found

      Environmental context-dependent memory: a review and meta-analysis.

      Psychonomic Bulletin & Review

      Association Learning, Thinking, Social Environment, Retention (Psychology), Mental Recall, Humans, Concept Formation

      Read this article at

      ScienceOpenPubMed
      Bookmark
          There is no author summary for this article yet. Authors can add summaries to their articles on ScienceOpen to make them more accessible to a non-specialist audience.

          Abstract

          To address questions about human memory's dependence on the coincidental environmental contexts in which events occur, we review studies of incidental environmental context-dependent memory in humans and report a meta-analysis. Our theoretical approach to the issue stems from Glenberg's (1997) contention that introspective thought (e.g., remembering, conceptualizing) requires cognitive resources normally used to represent the immediate environment. We propose that if tasks encourage processing of noncontextual information (i.e., introspective thought) at input and/or at test, then both learning and memory will be less dependent on the ambient environmental contexts in which those activities occur. The meta-analysis showed that across all studies, environmental context effects were reliable, and furthermore, that the use of noncontextual cues during learning (overshadowing) and at test (outshining), as well as mental reinstatement of appropriate context cues at test, all reduce the effect of environmental manipulations. We conclude that environmental context-dependent memory effects are less likely to occur under conditions in which the immediate environment is likely to be suppressed.

          Related collections

          Most cited references 56

          • Record: found
          • Abstract: not found
          • Article: not found

          Encoding specificity and retrieval processes in episodic memory.

            Bookmark
            • Record: found
            • Abstract: not found
            • Article: not found

            Levels of processing versus transfer appropriate processing

              Bookmark
              • Record: found
              • Abstract: not found
              • Article: not found

              Affect and memory: A review.

                Bookmark

                Author and article information

                Journal
                11495110

                Comments

                Comment on this article