In 9 normotensive uremic patients undergoing chronic hemodialysis, the baseline plasma catecholamines varied widely from low-normal to very high; sulfoconjugated plasma catecholamines were constantly high. A dialysis-induced fall of all sulfated catecholamines and epinephrine was observed. Norepinephrine decreased in 5 patients and increased in 4, with a strong inverse correlation between predialysis norepinephrine and Δ norepinephrine (p < 0.0001). No correlation was evident between clinical parameters (mean arterial pressure, heart rate) and catecholamines (both predialysis and postdialysis). Significant (p < 0.0001 and p < 0.0002) inverse correlations between epinephrine and norepinephrine and their sulfoconjugation degree were demonstrated only in predialysis. Our data may support the presence of a uremic autonomic neuropathy and adrenoceptor damage.