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      Stop and start control: A distinction within self-control

      , ,

      European Journal of Personality

      Wiley-Blackwell

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          Most cited references 24

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          Development and validation of brief measures of positive and negative affect: The PANAS scale

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            The nature of procrastination: a meta-analytic and theoretical review of quintessential self-regulatory failure.

             Piers Steel (2007)
            Procrastination is a prevalent and pernicious form of self-regulatory failure that is not entirely understood. Hence, the relevant conceptual, theoretical, and empirical work is reviewed, drawing upon correlational, experimental, and qualitative findings. A meta-analysis of procrastination's possible causes and effects, based on 691 correlations, reveals that neuroticism, rebelliousness, and sensation seeking show only a weak connection. Strong and consistent predictors of procrastination were task aversiveness, task delay, self-efficacy, and impulsiveness, as well as conscientiousness and its facets of self-control, distractibility, organization, and achievement motivation. These effects prove consistent with temporal motivation theory, an integrative hybrid of expectancy theory and hyperbolic discounting. Continued research into procrastination should not be delayed, especially because its prevalence appears to be growing. (c) 2007 APA, all rights reserved.
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              Impulse and Self-Control From a Dual-Systems Perspective.

              Though human beings embody a unique ability for planned behavior, they also often act impulsively. This insight may be important for the study of self-control situations in which people are torn between their long-term goals to restrain behavior and their immediate impulses that promise hedonic fulfillment. In the present article, we outline a dual-systems perspective of impulse and self-control and suggest a framework for the prediction of self-control outcomes. This framework combines three elements that, considered jointly, may enable a more precise prediction of self-control outcomes than they do when studied in isolation: impulsive precursors of behavior, reflective precursors, and situational or dispositional boundary conditions. The theoretical and practical utility of such an approach is demonstrated by drawing on recent evidence from several domains of self-control such as eating, drinking, and sexual behavior.
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                Author and article information

                Journal
                European Journal of Personality
                Eur. J. Pers.
                Wiley-Blackwell
                08902070
                September 2011
                September 2011
                : 25
                : 5
                : 349-362
                Article
                10.1002/per.796
                © 2011
                Product
                Self URI (article page): http://doi.wiley.com/10.1002/per.796

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