To investigate the neuroprotective effect of chrysophanol (CHR) on PC12 treated with Aβ 25-35, and the involved mechanism.
After the establishment of an AD cell model induced by Aβ 25-35, the cell survival rate was detected by MTT, cell apoptosis was assayed by Hoechst 33342 staining, mRNA expressions of calmodulin (CaM), calcium/calmodulin-dependent protein kinase kinase (CaMKK), calcium/calmodulin-dependent protein kinase IV (CaMKIV) and tau (MAPT; commonly known as tau) were determined by qRT-PCR, and protein levels of CaM, CaMKK, CaMKIV, phospho-CaMKIV (p-CaMKIV), tau and phospho-tau (p-tau) were detected by Western blot analysis.
When pretreated with CHR before exposure to Aβ 25-35, PC12 cells showed that increased cell viability and reduced apoptosis. The qRT-PCR results indicated that the deposition of Aβ 25-35 triggers a decrease in levels of CaM, CaMKK, CaMKIV, and tau in PC12 cells. In addition, Western blot results also suggested that Aβ 25-35 decreases the protein expression of CaM, CaMKK, CaMKIV, p-CaMKIV, and the ratio of p-tau to tau in PC12 cells. However, the above effects were significantly alleviated after the treatment of CHR.