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      Regulation of C-fos Protein in Gonadotrope Cells by Oxytocin and Gonadotropin-Releasing Hormone

      ,

      Neuroendocrinology

      S. Karger AG

      Gonadotropin-releasing hormone, C-fos, Oxytocin, Gonadotropes, Gonadotropins

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          Abstract

          The integrated regulation of luteinizing hormone (LH) from the anterior pituitary gland is vital to the functioning of the ovulatory cycle in the female and consists of several components acting at different time points. The best-studied is the rapid release of LH elicited by gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH). The so-called primary (immediate early) response genes (PRGs), including c-fos, regulate relatively long-term activities, such as mitosis, protein synthesis, protein release and cell differentiation. Regular ovulatory cycles occur as a result of interaction of several peptide factors including the primary factor, GnRH and oxytocin, although GnRH and oxytocin do not have identical activities. We wished to determine whether oxytocin could mediate changes in expression of c-fos protein and compare its effects with those of GnRH. Anterior pituitary glands were collected from female rats at proestrus and a single-cell suspension prepared. Cells were incubated with oxytocin or GnRH at selected concentrations for various times. C-fos protein was extracted and submitted to Western blot analysis. Other cells were stained immunohistochemically for c-fos and LH following incubation with the peptides and fixation. There was an increase in c-fos protein from 15 to 60 min in Western blots of cells from all incubations. After immunohistochemistry, it was observed that both oxytocin (100 n M) and GnRH (100 n M) increased the percentage of cells that expressed c-fos protein (p < 0.001) and of cells that expressed LH (p < 0.001). The responses to the peptides were concentration dependent. We found that neither all LH-containing cells expressed c-fos, nor all c-fos-containing cells immunostained for LH. The effects of the peptides were not the same. High concentrations of GnRH (1 µ M) induced the appearance of a higher percent of LH-containing cells having c-fos than did 10 n M GnRH (p < 0.01), whereas a lower percent of LH-containing cells with c-fos were observed when the oxytocin concentration was raised from 10 n M to 1 µ M (p < 0.02). It appears, therefore, that the two peptides have different regulatory effects on LH-containing cells, indicating the possibility of specialized function. The results emphasize the suggestion that stimulation of LH secretion is not the sole index of gonadotrope-directed activity by a peptide. Collectively, these results indicate that the peptides oxytocin and GnRH are able to modulate processes that are associated with longer-term activities of gonadotropes and also demonstrate that specific subpopulations of LH-containing gonadotropes are stimulated to express c-fos.

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          Most cited references 3

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                Author and article information

                Journal
                NEN
                Neuroendocrinology
                10.1159/issn.0028-3835
                Neuroendocrinology
                S. Karger AG
                0028-3835
                1423-0194
                2000
                May 2000
                22 May 2000
                : 71
                : 5
                : 292-300
                Affiliations
                University Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Christchurch School of Medicine, Christchurch, New Zealand
                Article
                54549 Neuroendocrinology 2000;71:292–300
                10.1159/000054549
                10859491
                © 2000 S. Karger AG, Basel

                Copyright: All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be translated into other languages, reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, microcopying, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher. Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in government regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug. Disclaimer: The statements, opinions and data contained in this publication are solely those of the individual authors and contributors and not of the publishers and the editor(s). The appearance of advertisements or/and product references in the publication is not a warranty, endorsement, or approval of the products or services advertised or of their effectiveness, quality or safety. The publisher and the editor(s) disclaim responsibility for any injury to persons or property resulting from any ideas, methods, instructions or products referred to in the content or advertisements.

                Page count
                Figures: 8, References: 35, Pages: 9
                Categories
                Differentiation and Regulation of Pituitary Cells

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