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      Intraocular Pressure Response to Selective Laser Trabeculoplasty in the Treatment of Primary Open-Angle Glaucoma

      Ophthalmologica

      S. Karger AG

      Selective laser trabeculoplasty, Primary open-angle glaucoma, Intraocular pressure response

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          Abstract

          Purpose: To evaluate the intraocular pressure (IOP) response to selective laser trabeculoplasty (SLT) in the treatment of uncontrolled primary open-angle glaucoma (POAG) in a prospective clinical study. SLT is a new laser procedure that selectively targets trabecular meshwork (TM) cells without coagulative damage to the TM. Methods: 50 eyes with uncontrolled POAG were treated with a frequency-doubled, Q-switched Nd:YAG laser (532 nm). A total of approximately 50 nonoverlapping spots were placed over 180° of the TM at energy levels ranging from 0.40 to 0.92 mJ/pulse. After SLT, the eyes were maintained with the identical hypotensive medical therapy as that before treatment. IOP was estimated before and 1 day, 7 days, 1 month, 3 months and 6 months after treatment. Results: The mean pretreatment IOP was 22.48 mm Hg (SD 1.84). At the end of 1 month of follow-up IOP was reduced with a mean of 4.86 mm Hg (SD 2.38) or 21.6%; after 3 months, IOP was reduced with a mean of 5.66 mm Hg (SD 2.40) or 25.2%; at the end of 6 months of follow-up, IOP was reduced with a mean of 5.06 mm Hg (SD 2.37) or 22.5%. Conclusions: SLT is an effective method for lowering IOP in the treatment of POAG.

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          Q-switched 532-nm Nd:YAG laser trabeculoplasty (selective laser trabeculoplasty): a multicenter, pilot, clinical study.

          To investigate the safety and efficacy of a new laser procedure using a q-switched 532-nm neodymium (Nd):YAG laser, also called "selective laser trabeculoplasty," to lower intraocular pressure (IOP) in patients with open-angle glaucoma (OAG). The laser parameters were set to selectively target pigmented trabecular meshwork (TM) cells without coagulative damage to the TM structure or nonpigmented cells. Nonrandomized, prospective, clinical trial. Thirty eyes of 30 patients with uncontrolled OAG (OAG group) and 23 eyes of 23 patients with uncontrolled OAG treated previously with argon laser trabeculoplasty (ALT group) were observed for 4 to 26 weeks. Forty-four of the 53 eyes were observed for 26 weeks. Patients were treated with the Coherent Selecta 7000 (Coherent, Inc, Palo Alto, CA) frequency-doubled q-switched Nd:YAG laser (532 nm). A total of approximately 50 nonoverlapping spots were placed over 180 degrees of the TM at energy levels ranging from 0.6 to 1.2 mJ per pulse. After surgery, patients were maintained with the identical drug regimen as that before treatment. Both the OAG and ALT groups showed similar IOP reductions over time. Seventy percent of patients in each group responded to treatment with an IOP reduction of least 3 mmHg. At 26 weeks of follow-up, mean IOP reduction was 5.8 mmHg (23.5%, P < 0.001) for the OAG group and 6.0 mmHg (24.2%, P < 0.001) for the ALT group. The untreated eye showed a 9.7% (P < 0.001) reduction of IOP at 26 weeks. However, the IOP difference between the treated and untreated eyes was statistically significant at P < 0.003. Transient IOP elevation of 5 mmHg or greater was seen in 24% of patients. The selective laser trabeculoplasty appears to be a safe and effective method to lower IOP in patients with OAG and patients treated previously with ALT. A reduction of IOP can be achieved without coagulation of the TM.
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            Author and article information

            Journal
            OPH
            Ophthalmologica
            10.1159/issn.0030-3755
            Ophthalmologica
            S. Karger AG
            0030-3755
            1423-0267
            2001
            August 2001
            31 May 2001
            : 215
            : 4
            : 267-270
            Affiliations
            Department of Ophthalmology, General Hospital Maribor, Slovenia
            Article
            50872 Ophthalmologica 2001;215:267–270
            10.1159/000050872
            11399933
            © 2001 S. Karger AG, Basel

            Copyright: All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be translated into other languages, reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, microcopying, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher. Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in government regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug. Disclaimer: The statements, opinions and data contained in this publication are solely those of the individual authors and contributors and not of the publishers and the editor(s). The appearance of advertisements or/and product references in the publication is not a warranty, endorsement, or approval of the products or services advertised or of their effectiveness, quality or safety. The publisher and the editor(s) disclaim responsibility for any injury to persons or property resulting from any ideas, methods, instructions or products referred to in the content or advertisements.

            Page count
            Tables: 3, References: 17, Pages: 4
            Categories
            Original Paper · Travail original · Originalarbeit

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