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      Relationships Between Individual Endorsement of Aggressive Behaviors and Thoughts With Prejudice Relevant Correlates Among Adolescents


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          The current study explored how individual differences in endorsement of aggressive behaviors and thoughts relate to individual levels of tolerance and prejudice toward immigrants and established prejudice correlates such as social dominance orientation (SDO) and ethnic out-groups ratings among adolescents. Participants (N = 141; Age M = 16.08, 68% girls) completed the Readiness for Interpersonal Aggression Inventory, the Tolerance and Prejudice Questionnaire, and measures of SDO and ethnic out-groups ratings. Results indicated that higher individual endorsement of aggression was related to higher prejudice and SDO and lower tolerance and ethnic out-groups ratings. Patterns of endorsement of aggression related to habitual and socially determined aggressive acts or stable needs to hurt others as a source of satisfaction were significantly correlated with prejudice. Conversely, the relationship between prejudice and endorsement of impulsive actions lacking of emotional control resulted was less marked. The results highlight how in the cognitive spectrum of prejudice, individual levels of endorsement of aggression may play a significant triggering role during adolescence. These findings may have implications for future studies and interventions aimed at reducing prejudice already in young ages.

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          Most cited references44

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          Social dominance orientation: A personality variable predicting social and political attitudes.

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            The Explanatory and Predictive Scope of Self-Efficacy Theory

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              Interpersonal disgust, ideological orientations, and dehumanization as predictors of intergroup attitudes.

              Disgust is a basic emotion characterized by revulsion and rejection, yet it is relatively unexamined in the literature on prejudice. In the present investigation, interpersonal-disgust sensitivity (e.g., not wanting to wear clean used clothes or to sit on a warm seat vacated by a stranger) in particular predicted negative attitudes toward immigrants, foreigners, and socially deviant groups, even after controlling for concerns with contracting disease. The mechanisms underlying the link between interpersonal disgust and attitudes toward immigrants were explored using a path model. As predicted, the effect of interpersonal-disgust sensitivity on group attitudes was indirect, mediated by ideological orientations (social dominance orientation, right-wing authoritarianism) and dehumanizing perceptions of the out-group. The effects of social dominance orientation on group attitudes were both direct and indirect, via dehumanization. These results establish a link between disgust sensitivity and prejudice that is not accounted for by fear of infection, but rather is mediated by ideological orientations and dehumanizing group representations. Implications for understanding and reducing prejudice are discussed.

                Author and article information

                Eur J Psychol
                Europe's Journal of Psychology
                Eur. J. Psychol.
                03 March 2017
                : 13
                : 1
                : 47-59
                [a ]Department of Psychiatry, University of Oxford , Oxford, United Kingdom
                [b ]Department of Psychology, University of Turin , Turin, Italy
                [3]Aalborg University, Aalborg, Denmark
                Author notes
                [* ]Department of Psychology, University of Turin, Via Verdi 10, 10124 Torino (Italy). Tel.: +390116702053. cristina.mosso@ 123456unito.it

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                : 19 June 2016
                : 24 October 2016
                Self URI (journal-page): https://journals.psychopen.eu/
                Research Reports

                endorsement of aggression,prejudice,adolescence,SDO,ethnic out-groups
                endorsement of aggression, prejudice, adolescence, SDO, ethnic out-groups


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