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      Verapamil acutely reduces ventricular-vascular stiffening and improves aerobic exercise performance in elderly individuals

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          Abstract

          We tested the hypothesis that acute intravenous verapamil acutely enhances aerobic exercise performance in healthy older individuals in association with a combined reduction of ventricular systolic and arterial vascular stiffnesses. Age-related vascular stiffening coupled with systolic ventricular stiffening may limit cardiovascular reserve and, thus, exercise performance in aged individuals. Nineteen healthy volunteers with mean age 70 +/- 10 years underwent maximal-effort upright ergometry tests on two separate days after receiving either 0.15 mg/kg i.v. verapamil or 0.5 N saline in a double-blind, randomized, crossover study. Baseline vascular stiffness, indexed by arterial pulse-wave velocity (Doppler) and augmentation index (carotid tonometry) declined with verapamil (-5.9 +/- 2.1% and -31.7 +/- 12.8%, respectively, both p < 0.05). Preload-adjusted maximal ventricular power, a surrogate for ventricular end-systolic stiffness, also declined by -9.5 +/- 3.6%. Peripheral resistance and peak filling rate were unchanged. With verapamil, exercise duration prior to the anaerobic threshold (AT) increased by nearly 50% (260 +/- 129 to 387 +/- 176 s) with a corresponding 13.4 +/- 4.7% rise in oxygen consumption (VO2) at that time (both p < 0.01). Total exercise duration prolonged by +6 +/- 2.7% (p < 0.05) with no change in maximal VO2. Baseline cardiodepression from verapamil reversed by peak exercise with net increases in stroke volume and cardiac output (p < 0.05). Acute intravenous verapamil reduces ventriculovascular stiffening and improves aerobic exercise performance in healthy aged individuals. This highlights a role for heart-arterial coupling in modulating exertional capacity in the elderly, suggesting a potentially therapeutic target for aged individuals with exertional limitations.

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          Author and article information

          Journal
          Journal of the American College of Cardiology
          Journal of the American College of Cardiology
          Elsevier BV
          07351097
          May 1999
          May 1999
          : 33
          : 6
          : 1602-1609
          Article
          10.1016/S0735-1097(99)00052-2
          10334431
          © 1999

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