The combination of dezocine and sufentanil is often used for postoperative analgesia in China and other areas, but the interaction of both two drugs is still unclear. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the interaction of the analgesic effects of dezocine and sufentanil in the patients after gynecological laparoscopic surgery.
We conducted a prospective, randomized, double-blinded clinical trial. A total of 150 patients were divided into 5 groups (30 in each group) in the post-anesthesia care unit, namely, dezocine group (Group D), sufentanil group (Group S) and dezocine mixed sufentanil groups (Group DS1-3). In group D and S, the initial dose of dezocine or sufentanil was 5mg and 5μg intravenously, respectively. In Group DS1, the initial dose was dezocine 5mg × 3/4 and sufentanil 5μg × 1/4. In Group DS2, the initial dose was dezocine 5mg × 1/2 and sufentanil 5μg × 1/2. In Group DS3, the initial dose was dezocine 5mg × 1/4 and sufentanil 5μg × 3/4.
The median effective dose (ED50) of dezocine and sufentanil alone was 3.92 (95% confidence interval (CI) 3.01~4.64) mg and 3.71 (95% CI 2.78~4.39) μg, respectively. The isobolographic analysis showed that the combination of dezocine and sufentanil at 1:3, 1:1 or 3:1 appeared in the additive line.