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      Structure in the Event-by-Event Energy-Dependent Neutron-Gamma Multiplicity Correlations in \ce{^{252}Cf}(sf)

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          Abstract

          The emission of neutrons and gamma rays by fission fragments reveal important information about the properties of fragments immediately following scission. The initial fragment properties, correlations between fragments, and emission competition give rise to correlations in neutron-gamma emission. Neutron-gamma correlations are important in nonproliferation applications because the characterization of fissionable samples relies on the identification of signatures in the measured radiation. Furthermore, recent theoretical and experimental advances have proposed to explain the mechanism of angular momentum generation in fission. In this paper, we present a novel analysis method of neutrons and gamma rays emitted by fission fragments that allows us to discern structure in the observed correlations. We have analyzed data collected on \ce{^{252}Cf}(sf) at the Chi-Nu array at the Los Alamos Neutron Science Center. Through our analysis of the energy-differential neutron-gamma multiplicity covariance, we have observed enhanced neutron-gamma correlations, corresponding to rotational band gamma-ray transitions, at gamma-ray energies of \(0.7\) and \(1.2\) MeV. To shed light on the origin of this structure, we compare the experimental data with the predictions of three model calculations. The origin of the observed correlation structure is understood in terms of a positive spin-energy correlation in the generation of angular momentum in fission.

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          Author and article information

          Journal
          13 April 2021
          Article
          2104.06166

          http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/

          Custom metadata
          21 pages, 4 figures, 1 table
          nucl-ex nucl-th

          Nuclear physics

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