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      Compassion fatigue and psychological distress among social workers: A validation study.

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      American Journal of Orthopsychiatry
      American Psychological Association (APA)

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          Abstract

          Few studies have focused on caring professionals and their emotional exhaustion from working with traumatized clients, referred to as compassion fatigue (CF). The present study had 2 goals: (a) to assess the psychometric properties of a CF scale, and (b) to examine the scale's predictive validity in a multivariate model. The data came from a survey of social workers living in New York City following the September 11, 2001, terrorist attacks on the World Trade Center. Factor analyses indicated that the CF scale measured multiple dimensions. After overlapping items were eliminated, the scale measured 2 key underlying dimensions--secondary trauma and job burnout. In a multivariate model, these dimensions were related to psychological distress, even after other risk factors were controlled. The authors discuss the results in light of increasing the ability of professional caregivers to meet the emotional needs of their clients within a stressful environment without experiencing CF. 2006 APA, all rights reserved

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          Most cited references31

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          The MOS social support survey

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            Stress, Coping, and Social Support Processes: Where Are We? What Next?

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              The Stress Process

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                Author and article information

                Journal
                American Journal of Orthopsychiatry
                American Journal of Orthopsychiatry
                American Psychological Association (APA)
                1939-0025
                0002-9432
                January 2006
                January 2006
                : 76
                : 1
                : 103-108
                Article
                10.1037/0002-9432.76.1.103
                2699394
                16569133
                460ace5f-d56b-41b6-9637-117458b2470e
                © 2006
                History

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