46
views
0
recommends
+1 Recommend
1 collections
    1
    shares
      • Record: found
      • Abstract: found
      • Article: found
      Is Open Access

      Locative Shift

      research-article

      Read this article at

      ScienceOpenPublisher
      Bookmark
          There is no author summary for this article yet. Authors can add summaries to their articles on ScienceOpen to make them more accessible to a non-specialist audience.

          Abstract

          In sign language, one may sometimes re-use a locus that originally referred to a spatial location in order to denote an individual found at that location (“Locative Shift”). We suggest that Locative Shift arises when a covert individual-denoting variable a is merged with a location-denoting locus b to form a complex expression a b , which denotes a situation stage of an individual. We investigate basic properties of Locative Shift in ASL: the phenomenon extends to temporal and modal shift; indexical loci are not usually locative-shifted; Locative Shift may have interpretive consequences, some of which appear to be at-issue; and Locative Shift can occur in highly iconic cases, possibly even without prior establishment of a situation-denoting locus. We further investigate the behavior of the co-opted loci under predicate ellipsis. The individual component of a locative-shifted locus can be bound, and in some cases its locative specification can be disregarded in the elided clause, under conditions that are reminiscent of the behavior of phi-features. In other cases, locative specifications are preserved under ellipsis, possibly even with elided indexical pronouns, whose overt counterparts resist Locative Shift. Some of our main findings can be replicated in LSF, although our data leave many questions open. Finally, we argue that some pointing gestures in English can undergo something like Locative Shift.

          Related collections

          Most cited references43

          • Record: found
          • Abstract: not found
          • Book: not found

          Semantics in Generative Grammar.

            Bookmark
            • Record: found
            • Abstract: not found
            • Article: not found

            Making a Pronoun: Fake Indexicals as Windows into the Properties of Pronouns

              Bookmark
              • Record: found
              • Abstract: not found
              • Book: not found

              Grammar, gesture and meaning in American Signe Language

                Bookmark

                Author and article information

                Contributors
                Journal
                2397-1835
                Glossa: a journal of general linguistics
                Ubiquity Press
                2397-1835
                24 October 2018
                2018
                : 3
                : 1
                : 115
                Affiliations
                [1 ]Institut Jean-Nicod (ENS – EHESS – CNRS), Département d’Etudes Cognitives, Ecole Normale Supérieure, PSL Research University, Paris, FR
                [2 ]New York University, NY, US
                Article
                10.5334/gjgl.561
                462dd80f-0f24-4c10-8737-b6572e0203a7
                Copyright: © 2018 The Author(s)

                This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (CC-BY 4.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited. See http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/.

                History
                : 02 November 2017
                : 14 April 2018
                Categories
                Research

                General linguistics,Linguistics & Semiotics
                loci,ellipsis,agreement,locative shift,anaphora,sign language semantics

                Comments

                Comment on this article