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      The Non Browser: helping older novice computer users to access the web

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      Accessible Design in the Digital World Conference 2005 (AD)

      Accessible Design in the Digital World Conference

      23-25 August 2005

      Older adults, browser, usability

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          The difficulties that older adults encounter browsing the web have been reported by a number of researchers. Hitherto, research has focused on improving content with little attention being given to the effects that the browser itself may have on the difficulties people encounter. We report on the development of an alternative browser which was designed to ameliorate many of the barriers that this group encounter to web use. The Non Browser was designed as far as possible from first principles, questioning the various metaphors currently used in accessing the web. A qualitative evaluation process illustrated that the Non Browser was both easier to understand and less off-putting than the standard application.

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          Most cited references 2

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          Effects of aging on hand function.

          The purpose of this study was to quantify age-induced changes in handgrip and finger-pinch strength, ability to maintain a steady submaximal finger pinch force and pinch posture, speed in relocating small objects with finger grip, and ability to discriminate two identical mechanical stimuli applied to the finger tip. A cross-sectional study. Greater Cleveland area of Ohio. Healthy, independent, young (n = 27, range 20-35 years) and older (n = 28, range 65-79 years) subjects. Handgrip strength, maximum pinch force (MPF), ability to maintain a steady pinch force at three relative force levels (5%, 10%, and 20% MPF) and three absolute force levels (2.5 Newtons (N), 4 N, and 8 N), ability to maintain a precision pinch posture, speed in relocating pegs from a nearby location onto the pegboard, and the shortest distance for discriminating two stimuli were measured in both young and older groups. Compared with young subjects, the older group's handgrip force was 30% weaker (P < .001), MPF was 26% lower (P < .05), and ability to maintain steady submaximal pinch force and a precision pinch posture was significantly less (P < .05). The time taken to relocate the pegs and the distance needed to discriminate two identical stimuli increased significantly with age (P < .01). The decrease in the ability to maintain steady submaximal pinch force was more pronounced in women than men. Aging has a degenerative effect on hand function, including declines in hand and finger strength and ability to control submaximal pinch force and maintain a steady precision pinch posture, manual speed, and hand sensation.
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            Decomposing adult age differences in working memory.


              Author and article information

              August 2005
              August 2005
              : 1-6
              Applied Computing, University of Dundee, Dundee, UK
              © Anna Dickinson et al. Published by BCS Learning and Development Ltd. Accessible Design in the Digital World Conference 2005, Dundee, Scotland

              This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 Unported License. To view a copy of this license, visit

              Accessible Design in the Digital World Conference 2005
              Dundee, Scotland
              23-25 August 2005
              Electronic Workshops in Computing (eWiC)
              Accessible Design in the Digital World Conference
              Product Information: 1477-9358BCS Learning & Development
              Self URI (journal page):
              Electronic Workshops in Computing


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