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Global detection and identification of components from Yunnan Baiyao based on liquid chromatography hybrid ion trap time-of-flight mass spectrometry : Liquid Chromatography

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      Future perspectives of Chinese medical formulae: chinmedomics as an effector.

      Traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) has been used for thousands of years to treat or prevent disease. The health care paradigm has shifted from a focus on disease to TCM therapy with a holistic approach. However, the actual value of TCM has not been fully recognized worldwide due to a lack of scientific approaches to its study. Today omics has become practically available, and resembles TCM in many aspects, and can serve as a key driving force for the translation of the traditional Chinese medical formulae (chinmediformulae) into practice, and will develop and advance the concept of the metabolomics of chinmediformulae (chinmedomics). Chinmedomics seeks to elucidate the therapeutic and synergistic properties and metabolism of chinmediformulae and the involved metabolic pathways using modern analytical techniques. It is an integral part of top-down systems biology, which aims to improve understanding of chinmediformulae. This approach of combining chinmedomics with chinmediformulae with modern health care systems may lead to a revolution in TCM therapy. Although the scientific study of chinmedomics is at an early stage and requires further scrutiny and validation, the approach has major implications to improve the efficacy of chinmediformulae. This article introduces and reviews the concept of chinmedomics, and highlights recent examples of the approach, which are presented for description and discussion.
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        Shosaiko-to and other Kampo (Japanese herbal) medicines: a review of their immunomodulatory activities.

        The use of alternative medicine, including consumption of herbal products and dietary supplements, has been increasing substantially both in the United States and in Western Europe. One area that is garnering increased attention is the use of Oriental Medicine including Kampo, or Japanese herbal medicine. Herein, we review representative examples of research available on the most common use of Kampo medicinals, namely to improve the immune response. We also provide an extensive background on the history of Kampo. There are more than 210 different Kampo formulae used in Japan and most uses of Kampo are to modulate the immune response, i.e. to improve immunity. We have extracted data on seven common Kampo medicinals, and the data are reviewed with respect to in vitro and in vivo activities for both humans and experimental animals; the ingredients as well as the problems with classification of these materials are presented. Research suggests that Kampo herbals are biologically active and may have therapeutic potential. While it is believed that Kampo medicines have few side effects, there is a paucity of data on their toxicity as well as a relative lack of knowledge of the bioactive constituents and potential drug interactions of these agents.
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          Rapid identification of ophiopogonins and ophiopogonones in Ophiopogon japonicus extract with a practical technique of mass defect filtering based on high resolution mass spectrometry.

          This study was to develop and evaluate a practical approach of mass defect filtering (MDF), a post-acquisition data processing technique, for the rapid classification of complicated peaks into well-known chemical families based on the exact mass acquired by high resolution mass spectrometry. The full-scan LC-MS/MS data of the Ophiopogon japonicus extract was acquired using high performance liquid chromatography coupled with hybrid quadrupole-time of flight (LCMS-Q-TOF) system which features high resolution, mass accuracy, and sensitivity. To remove the interferences of the complex matrix, MDF approach was developed and employed to rapidly pick out the peaks of ophiopogonins and ophiopogonones from full-scan mass chromatograms. The accuracy of MDF was evaluated in reference to the result of structural identification. After the MDF based classification, both target and non-target components in Ophiopogon japonicus extract were characterized based on the detailed fragment ions analysis in the hybrid ion trap and time-of-flight mass spectrometry (LCMS-IT-TOF). By this approach, more than 50 ophiopogonins and 27 ophiopogonones were structurally characterized. The present results of rapid detection and identification of ophiopogonins and ophiopogonones suggest that the proposed MDF approach based on the high-resolution mass spectrometry data would be expected adaptable to the analysis of other herbal components.
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            Author and article information

            Affiliations
            [1 ]State Key Lab of Natural Medicines, Key Lab of Drug Metabolism & Pharmacokinetics; China Pharmaceutical University; Nanjing; China
            Journal
            Journal of Separation Science
            J. Sep. Science
            Wiley
            16159306
            June 2013
            June 2013
            May 13 2013
            : 36
            : 12
            : 1935-1944
            10.1002/jssc.201300244
            © 2013

            http://doi.wiley.com/10.1002/tdm_license_1.1

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