Blog
About

23
views
0
recommends
+1 Recommend
1 collections
    0
    shares
      • Record: found
      • Abstract: found
      • Article: found

      Identification of C-geranylated flavonoids from Paulownia catalpifolia Gong Tong fruits by HPLC-DAD-ESI-MS/MS and their anti-aging effects on 2BS cells induced by H 2O 2

      Read this article at

      ScienceOpenPublisherPubMed
      Bookmark
          There is no author summary for this article yet. Authors can add summaries to their articles on ScienceOpen to make them more accessible to a non-specialist audience.

          Abstract

          The fruits of Paulownia catalpifolia Gong Tong are used as a Chinese folk herbal medicine for the treatment of enteritis, tonsillitis, bronchitis, and dysentery, etc. Our previous study has identified new C-geranylated flavanones with obvious anti-proliferative effects in lung cancer A549 cells. In the present study, a new C-geranylated flavone, paucatalinone C ( 1) and five known C-geranylated flavanones ( 2–6) were isolated. In addition, a total of 34 C-geranylated flavonoids were detected by HPLC-DAD-ESI-MS/MS coupling techniques from the CH 2Cl 2 extract of P. catalpifolia. Futhermore, anti-aging effects of isolated compounds were evaluated in vitro with premature senescent 2BS cells induced by H 2O 2. Phytochemical results indicated that P. catalpifolia was a natural resource of abundant C-geranylated flavonoids. Diplacone ( 3) and paucatalinone A ( 5) were the potent anti-aging agents in the premature senescent 2BS cells induced by H 2O 2 and the C-geranyl substituent may be an important factor because of its lipophilic character.

          Related collections

          Most cited references 11

          • Record: found
          • Abstract: found
          • Article: not found

          Cellular and molecular mechanisms of stress-induced premature senescence (SIPS) of human diploid fibroblasts and melanocytes.

          Replicative senescence of human diploid fibroblasts (HDFs) or melanocytes is caused by the exhaustion of their proliferative potential. Stress-induced premature senescence (SIPS) occurs after many different sublethal stresses including H(2)O(2), hyperoxia, or tert-butylhydroperoxide. Cells in replicative senescence share common features with cells in SIPS: morphology, senescence-associated beta-galactosidase activity, cell cycle regulation, gene expression and telomere shortening. Telomere shortening is attributed to the accumulation of DNA single-strand breaks induced by oxidative damage. SIPS could be a mechanism of accumulation of senescent-like cells in vivo. Melanocytes exposed to sublethal doses of UVB undergo SIPS. Melanocytes from dark- and light- skinned populations display differences in their cell cycle regulation. Delayed SIPS occurs in melanocytes from light-skinned populations since a reduced association of p16(Ink-4a) with CDK4 and reduced phosphorylation of the retinoblastoma protein are observed. The role of reactive oxygen species in melanocyte SIPS is unclear. Both replicative senescence and SIPS are dependent on two major pathways. One is triggered by DNA damage, telomere damage and/or shortening and involves the activation of the p53 and p21(waf-1) proteins. The second pathway results in the accumulation of p16(Ink-4a) with the MAP kinase signalling pathway as possible intermediate. These data corroborate the thermodynamical theory of ageing, according to which the exposure of cells to sublethal stresses of various natures can trigger SIPS, with possible modulations of this process by bioenergetics.
            Bookmark
            • Record: found
            • Abstract: found
            • Article: not found

            Cytotoxic activities of several geranyl-substituted flavanones.

            Nine geranylated flavanones isolated from the fruits of Paulownia tomentosa (4-12) and two from the roots of Morus alba (13 and 14) were examined for cytotoxicity to selected human cancer cell lines and normal human fibroblasts. Cytotoxicity was determined in vitro using a calcein AM cytotoxicity assay. Cytotoxicity for the THP-1 monocytic leukemia cell line was tested using erythrosin B cell staining. The geranylated compounds tested were compared with the known simple flavanone standards taxifolin (1), naringenin (2), and hesperetin (3) and with the standard anticancer drugs olomoucine II, diaziquone, and oxaliplatin and the antineoplastic compound camptothecin, and showed different levels of cytotoxicity. The effects of structural changes on cytotoxic activity, including geranyl substitution of the flavanone skeleton and the oxidation pattern of ring B of the flavanones, are discussed.
              Bookmark
              • Record: found
              • Abstract: found
              • Article: not found

              A new prenylated flavonoid from propolis collected in Okinawa, Japan.

              The new prenylflavonoid, isonymphaeol-B (1), together with three known compounds, nymphaeol-A (2), nymphaeol-B (3), and nymphaeol-C (4), were isolated from propolis collected in Okinawa, the southern-most prefecture of Japan. The structure of each compound was determined by spectral methods, including mass spectrometry and 2D NMR. Each compound had 1,1-diphenyl-2-picryl-hydrazyl radical-scavenging activity.
                Bookmark

                Author and article information

                Journal
                CJNM
                Chinese Journal of Natural Medicines
                Elsevier
                1875-5364
                20 May 2017
                : 15
                : 5
                : 384-391
                Affiliations
                1Institute of Materia Medica, Shandong Academy of Medical Sciences, Key Laboratory for Biotech-Drugs Ministry of Health, Key Laboratory for Rare & Uncommon Diseases of Shandong Province, Jinan 250062, China
                2State Key Laboratory of Bioactive Substance and Function of Natural Medicines, Institute of Materia Medica, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences and Peking Union Medical College, Beijing 100050, China
                3Department of Pharmacology, School of Medicine, Shandong University, Jinan 250012, China
                Author notes
                *Corresponding author: TANG Wen-Zhao, Tel: 86-531-82919967, E-mail: twzsd@ 123456sina.com

                These authors have no conflict of interest to declare.

                Article
                S1875-5364(17)30059-6
                10.1016/S1875-5364(17)30059-6
                28558874
                Copyright © 2017 China Pharmaceutical University. Published by Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
                Funding
                Funded by: Natural Science Foundation of Shandong Academy of Medical Sciences
                Award ID: 2015-08
                Funded by: Innovation Project of Shandong Academy of Medical Sciences and the Natural Science Open Foundation of State Key Laboratory of Bioactive Substance and Function of Natural Medicines
                Award ID: GTZK201503
                This work was financially supported by the Natural Science Foundation of Shandong Academy of Medical Sciences (No. 2015-08), the Innovation Project of Shandong Academy of Medical Sciences and the Natural Science Open Foundation of State Key Laboratory of Bioactive Substance and Function of Natural Medicines (No. GTZK201503).

                Comments

                Comment on this article