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      Stoichiometry, selectivity, and exchange dynamics of lipid-protein interaction with bacteriophage M13 coat protein studied by spin label electron spin resonance. Effects of protein secondary structure.


      Spectrophotometry, Infrared, Bacteriophages, metabolism, Capsid, Dimyristoylphosphatidylcholine, Electron Spin Resonance Spectroscopy, Fourier Analysis, Lipid Bilayers, Phosphatidylcholines, Protein Conformation

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          Bacteriophage M13 major coat protein has been isolated with cholate and reconstituted in dimyristoyl- and dioleoylphosphatidylcholine (DMPC and DOPC, respectively) bilayers by dialysis. Fourier transform infrared spectra of DMPC/coat protein recombinants confirmed that, whereas the protein isolated by phenol extraction was predominantly in a beta-sheet conformation, the cholate-isolated coat protein contained a higher proportion of the alpha-helical conformation [cf. Spruijt, R. B., Wolfs, C. J. A. M., & Hemminga, M. A. (1989) Biochemistry 28, 9158-9165]. The cholate-isolated coat protein/lipid recombinants gave different electron spin resonance (ESR) spectral line shapes of incorporated lipid spin labels, as compared with those from recombinants with the phenol-extracted protein that were studied previously [Wolfs, C. J. A. M., Horváth, L. I., Marsh, D., Watts, A., & Hemminga, M. A. (1989) Biochemistry 28, 9995-10001]. Plots of the ratio of the fluid/motionally restricted components in the ESR spectra of spin-labeled phosphatidylglycerol were linear with respect to the lipid/protein ratio in the recombinants up to 20 mol/mol. The corresponding values of the relative association constants, Kr, and number of association sites, N1, on the protein were Kr approximately 1 and N1 approximately 4 for DMPC recombinants and Kr approximately 1 and N1 approximately 5 for DOPC recombinants. Simulation of the two-component lipid spin label ESR spectra with the exchange-coupled Bloch equations gave values for the off-rate of the lipids leaving the protein surface of 2.0 x 10(7) s-1 at 27 degrees C in DMPC recombinants and 3.0 x 10(7) s-1 at 24 degrees C in DOPC recombinants.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

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