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      Efectos del prejuicio sexual en la salud mental de gays y lesbianas, en la ciudad de Antofagasta, Chile Translated title: The effects of sexual prejudice on the mental health of gays and lesbians in Antofagasta, Chile Translated title: Efeitos do prejuízo sexual na saúde mental de gay e lésbicas, na cidade da Antofagasta, Chile

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          Este artículo caracteriza diferencias en relación al prejuicio sexual en la salud mental de personas homosexuales y heterosexuales. En el estudio se incluyeron medidas de Bienestar Psicológico y Bienestar Social, así como medidas de Distrés Psicológico (SCL-90-R). La muestra con la que se ha trabajado está compuesta por 110 personas (55 homosexuales y 55 heterosexuales), cuyas edades fluctuan entre 18 y 49 años. Si bien no se encontraron diferencias en la salud mental de personas homosexuales y heterosexuales, sí se reportaron diferencias en los análisis segmentados por sexo y orientación sexual. Por su parte, en este estudio, el prejuicio sexual apareció relacionado significativamente con algunas de las dimensiones de salud mental indagadas.

          Translated abstract

          This article explores mental health indicators among homosexuals and heterosexuals. The study involved Psychological and Social Well-Being, as well as Psychological Distress dimensions (SCL-90-R). The sample comprised 55 homosexual and 55 heterosexual individuals, ages 18 to 49 years old. Although no mental health differentials were among either homosexuals or heterosexuals, differences were reported in the analysis by sex and sexual orientation. The correlation between sexual prejudice and some mental health dimension was found to be statistically relevant.

          Translated abstract

          Este artigo caracteriza diferenças em relação ao prejuízo sexual na saúde mental de pessoas homossexuais e heterossexuais. No estudo, incluíram-se medidas de Bem-estar Psicológico e Bem-estar Social, assim como medidas de Distrés Psicológico (SCL-90-R). A mostra com a qual se trabalhou foi formada por 110 pessoas (55 homossexuais e 55 heterossexuais), cujas idades variam de 18 a 49 anos. Embora não tenham sido encontradas diferenças na saúde mental de pessoas homossexuais e heterossexuais, foram reportadas diferenças nas análises segmentadas por sexo e orientação sexual. Por sua vez, neste estudo, o prejuízo sexual apareceu relacionado significativamente a algumas das dimensões de saúde mental indagadas.

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            A continuous assessment and a categorical diagnosis of the presence (i.e., flourishing) and the absence (i.e., languishing) of mental health were proposed and applied to the Midlife in the United States study data, a nationally representative sample of adults between the ages of 25 and 74 years (N = 3,032). Confirmatory factor analyses supported the hypothesis that measures of mental health (i.e., emotional, psychological, and social well-being) and mental illness (i.e., major depressive episode, generalized anxiety, panic disorder, and alcohol dependence) constitute separate correlated unipolar dimensions. The categorical diagnosis yielded an estimate of 18.0% flourishing and, when cross-tabulated with the mental disorders, an estimate of 16.6% with complete mental health. Completely mentally healthy adults reported the fewest health limitations of activities of daily living, the fewest missed days of work, the fewest half-day work cutbacks, and the healthiest psychosocial functioning (low helplessness, clear life goals, high resilience, and high intimacy). (c) 2005 APA, all rights reserved.
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                Author and article information

                Role: ND
                Role: ND
                Sexualidad, Salud y Sociedad (Rio de Janeiro)
                Sex., Salud Soc. (Rio J.)
                Centro Latino-Americano em Sexualidade e Direitos Humanos (CLAM/IMS/UERJ) (Rio de Janeiro )
                April 2012
                : 0
                : 10
                : 100-123
                [1 ] Universidad Católica del Norte Chile
                [2 ] Universidad Católica del Norte Chile
                Product Information: website

                Public health

                homossexual, prejuízo, Chile, mental health, homosexual, prejudice, salud mental, prejuicio, saúde mental


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