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      A preliminary evaluation of metacognitive beliefs in high functioning children with autism spectrum disorder

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          Abstract

          Purpose

          Metacognitive beliefs and processes have been found to perpetuate anxiety and depression in youth and adults. However, the presence of metacognitive beliefs in children with autism spectrum disorder is somewhat unclear and has received limited research attention to date. The purpose of this paper is to explore metacognitive beliefs in children with autism and associations with anxiety and depression.

          Design/methodology/approach

          In total, 23 high functioning participants (17 male and 6 female) between the ages of 8 and 12 ( M=10.38) diagnosed on the autism spectrum completed the study. Participants completed the Revised Children’s Scale of Anxiety and Depression and the Metacognitions Questionnaire for Children.

          Findings

          Correlation analyses revealed that positive and negative metacognitive beliefs were found, as hypothesised, to be prevalent in this sample.

          Originality/value

          Despite methodological limitations, this is one of the first research evaluations to provide evidence for metacognitive beliefs in high functioning children with autism and comorbid anxiety or low mood.

          Related collections

          Most cited references 51

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          Anxiety in high-functioning children with autism.

          High-functioning children with autism were compared with two control groups on measures of anxiety and social worries. Comparison control groups consisted of children with specific language impairment (SLI) and normally developing children. Each group consisted of 15 children between the ages of 8 and 12 years and were matched for age and gender. Children with autism were found to be most anxious on both measures. High anxiety subscale scores for the autism group were separation anxiety and obsessive-compulsive disorder. These findings are discussed within the context of theories of autism and anxiety in the general population of children. Suggestions for future research are made.
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            Meta-Cognition and Worry: A Cognitive Model of Generalized Anxiety Disorder

             Adrian Wells (1995)
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              • Article: not found

              Modelling cognition in emotional disorder: The S-REF model

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                Author and article information

                Contributors
                Journal
                AIA
                10.1108/AIA
                Advances in Autism
                AIA
                Emerald Publishing Limited
                2056-3868
                03 April 2018
                : 4
                : 2
                : 73-84
                Affiliations
                Discipline of Psychology, School of Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Business, and Law (FABL), University of the Sunshine Coast , Queensland, Australia
                Sunshine Coast Mind & Neuroscience – Thompson Institute, School of Social Sciences, FABL, University of the Sunshine Coast , Queensland, Australia
                Author notes
                Lee Kannis-Dymand can be contacted at: Lkannisd@usc.edu.au
                Article
                608297 AIA-08-2017-0017.pdf AIA-08-2017-0017
                10.1108/AIA-08-2017-0017
                © Emerald Publishing Limited
                Page count
                Figures: 0, Tables: 1, Equations: 0, References: 74, Pages: 12, Words: 7348
                Product
                Categories
                research-article, Research paper
                cat-HSC, Health & social care
                cat-LID, Learning & intellectual disabilities
                Custom metadata
                yes
                yes
                JOURNAL
                included

                Health & Social care

                Metacognitive beliefs, Depression, Autism spectrum disorder, Anxiety

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