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      Activating Mutation of GSα in McCune-Albright Syndrome Causes Skin Pigmentation by Tyrosinase Gene Activation on Affected Melanocytes

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          Abstract

          McCune-Albright syndrome (MAS) is a sporadic disease characterized by café-au-lait spots, polyostotic fibrous dysplasia and hyperfunctional endocrinopathies. To elucidate the mechanism of skin pigmentation, melanocytes, keratinocytes and fibroblasts were primary cultured from the café-au-lait spot of a MAS patient. Then, mutational analysis and morphologic evaluation were performed. Also, cAMP level and tyrosinase gene expression in cultured cells were determined. Only Gsα mutation was found in affected melanocytes and the cAMP level in affected melanocytes was higher than that of normal melanocytes. The mRNA expression of tyrosinase gene was increased in the affected melanocytes. This study suggests that skin pigmentation of MAS results from activating mutation of Gsα in melanocytes and the mechanism involves the c-AMP-mediated tyrosinase gene activation.

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          Most cited references 3

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          Single-step method of RNA isolation by acid guanidinium thiocyanate-phenol-chloroform extraction.

          A new method of total RNA isolation by a single extraction with an acid guanidinium thiocyanate-phenol-chloroform mixture is described. The method provides a pure preparation of undegraded RNA in high yield and can be completed within 4 h. It is particularly useful for processing large numbers of samples and for isolation of RNA from minute quantities of cells or tissue samples.
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                Author and article information

                Journal
                HRE
                Horm Res Paediatr
                10.1159/issn.1663-2818
                Hormone Research in Paediatrics
                S. Karger AG
                1663-2818
                1663-2826
                1999
                November 1999
                17 May 2000
                : 52
                : 5
                : 235-240
                Affiliations
                aDepartment of Pediatrics, SungAe General Hospital, SungAe Life Science Research Institute, bSamsung Biomedical Research Institute, and Departments of cDermatology and dPediatrics, Sungkyunkwan University School of Medicine, Seoul, Korea
                Article
                23467 Horm Res 1999;52:235–240
                10.1159/000023467
                10844413
                © 2000 S. Karger AG, Basel

                Copyright: All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be translated into other languages, reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, microcopying, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher. Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in government regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug. Disclaimer: The statements, opinions and data contained in this publication are solely those of the individual authors and contributors and not of the publishers and the editor(s). The appearance of advertisements or/and product references in the publication is not a warranty, endorsement, or approval of the products or services advertised or of their effectiveness, quality or safety. The publisher and the editor(s) disclaim responsibility for any injury to persons or property resulting from any ideas, methods, instructions or products referred to in the content or advertisements.

                Page count
                Figures: 4, Tables: 1, References: 19, Pages: 6
                Categories
                Original Paper

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