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      Differential Monocytic Cell Adherence to Specific Anatomic Regions of the Canine Aorta

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          Abstract

          Circulating monocytes and vascular endothelial cells (EC) interact in a complex and dynamic manner that varies between vascular beds. The objective of this study was twofold: to ascertain if monocytic cell adhesion to vascular endothelium differed between specific anatomic regions of the canine aorta, and to investigate the effect of known EC stimulators on monocytic cell adhesion to cells from these regions. Initial in vitro studies measuring adherence of U937 cells, a human monocytic cell line, to canine jugular vein and aortic EC monolayers revealed a dose-dependent increase in adhesion to EC stimulated with interleukin-1 (IL-1), lipopolysaccharide (LPS), phorbol 12-myristate 13-acetate (PMA), or thrombin. While there was no regional difference in monocytic cell adherence to unstimulated EC in tissue culture, studies demonstrated greater monocytic cell adhesion to stimulated EC cultured from the distal versus proximal aorta. In organ culture, unstimulated adhesion of U937 cells or autologous monocytes was significantly greater to the distal aorta than the proximal aorta. Although monocytic cell adhesion to both the proximal and distal aorta increased with stimulation, the percentage increase in the proximal aorta, 1,086% with IL-1, 237% with PMA, 209% with LPS, and 174% with thrombin, was greater than in the distal aorta, demonstrating a significant functional difference in the endothelium from separate anatomic regions of a single vessel. This may have a direct relevance to the regional specificity of vascular disease.

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          Author and article information

          Journal
          JVR
          J Vasc Res
          10.1159/issn.1018-1172
          Journal of Vascular Research
          S. Karger AG
          1018-1172
          1423-0135
          1995
          1995
          24 September 2008
          : 32
          : 4
          : 266-274
          Affiliations
          aDepartment of Surgery, Case Western Reserve University, and bDepartment of Surgery, Veterans Affairs Medical Center, and cDepartment of Cell Biology, Cleveland Clinic Research Institute, Cleveland, Ohio, USA
          Article
          159101 J Vasc Res 1995;32:266–274
          10.1159/000159101
          7654883
          © 1995 S. Karger AG, Basel

          Copyright: All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be translated into other languages, reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, microcopying, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher. Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in government regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug. Disclaimer: The statements, opinions and data contained in this publication are solely those of the individual authors and contributors and not of the publishers and the editor(s). The appearance of advertisements or/and product references in the publication is not a warranty, endorsement, or approval of the products or services advertised or of their effectiveness, quality or safety. The publisher and the editor(s) disclaim responsibility for any injury to persons or property resulting from any ideas, methods, instructions or products referred to in the content or advertisements.

          Page count
          Pages: 9
          Categories
          Research Paper

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