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      Mu Opioid Modulation of Oxytocin Secretion in Late Pregnant and Parturient Rats

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          Abstract

          We have investigated effects of µ- and ĸ-opioid agonists and antagonists on plasma oxytocin levels and noradrenaline content in the supraoptic nucleus (SON) and paraventricular nucleus (PVN) of 20-day pregnant rats. β-Endorphin, oxytocin, estrogen and progesterone profiles in late pregnant and parturient rats were also sought. Stage of estrous cycle was monitored by vaginal smear, and pro-estrous animals were left overnight with male. In the first set of experiments, pregnant rats were monitored and decapitated on days 20 and 21 and after the delivery of second pup. In the second set, 20-day pregnant rats were intracerebroventricularly infused with morphine (50 µg/10 µl), U50,488H (ĸ-agonist; 50 µg/10 µl), clocinnamox (µ-antagonist; 50 µg/10 µl) and norbinaltorphimine (ĸ-antagonist; 50 µg/10 µl). Controls received saline alone. Serum estrogen and progesterone levels were measured by enzyme immunoassay, and plasma oxytocin and β-endorphin by radioimmunoassay. Noradrenaline and its metabolite (3,4-dihydroxyphenylglycol) were determined in micropunched hypothalamic nuclei by HPLC-ECD. In parturient rats, oxytocin levels were increased (p < 0.05) and β-endorphin decreased (p < 0.01) compared to 20-day pregnant animals. Serum progesterone concentrations progressively declined towards parturition (p < 0.001). Clocinnamox raised oxytocin levels (p < 0.01) while U50,488H caused decreases (p < 0.05). Noradrenaline content was elevated by clocinnamox in the SON (p < 0.01) and PVN (p < 0.05) compared to control values. Other agonists and antagonists had no significant effect on the noradrenergic neurotransmission or oxytocin secretion. We suggest that noradrenaline may mediate the inhibitory effects of µ-opioids on oxytocin release. Our findings have also shown that ĸ-opioid receptors are not involved in modulation of oxytocin neurons in late pregnant rats.

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          Most cited references 16

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          Evidence that beta-endorphin is synthesized in cells in the nucleus tractus solitarius: detection of POMC mRNA.

          Evidence from a number of sources indicates that the major site of pro-opiomelanocortin (POMC)-producing cells in the CNS is the arcuate nucleus of the hypothalamus. Using immunocytochemical techniques, a second, smaller group of POMC cells has been detected in the nucleus tractus solitarius (NTS) area of the caudal medulla. However, POMC mRNA has never been reported in the NTS even though it has been found in other extrahypothalamic brain regions. Thus, there is some uncertainty as to whether POMC peptides are actually synthesized de novo in the NTS. In the present study, we used biochemical and anatomical techniques to examine whether POMC mRNA is localized in the NTS. Using in situ hybridization, cells containing POMC mRNA were found in the caudal portion of the NTS. The nucleic acid distribution correlated well with the anatomical distribution of 16k POMC peptide immunoreactivity as determined by immunocytochemistry. Northern analysis revealed that the apparent size of POMC mRNA in the NTS was similar to that found in the arcuate nucleus or the pituitary gland. Results of RNase protection assays using a POMC riboprobe complementary to the 5' end of exon 3 suggested that POMC mRNA in the NTS and arcuate nucleus are identical in this region of the message at least. We also calculated POMC peptide product to mRNA ratios in different tissues and found that NTS cells appear to produce less peptide per mRNA molecule than those in the arcuate nucleus or pituitary gland.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)
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            U-50,488H inhibits dynorphin and glutamate release from guinea pig hippocampal mossy fiber terminals

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              Pharmacological and anatomical evidence of selective μ, δ, and χ opioid receptor binding in rat brain

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                Author and article information

                Journal
                NEN
                Neuroendocrinology
                10.1159/issn.0028-3835
                Neuroendocrinology
                S. Karger AG
                0028-3835
                1423-0194
                2004
                May 2004
                10 June 2004
                : 79
                : 4
                : 197-203
                Affiliations
                Departments of aPhysiology, bBiophysics and cObstetric and Gynaecology, Firat University, Medical School, Elazig, Turkey
                Article
                78101 Neuroendocrinology 2004;79:197–203
                10.1159/000078101
                15153753
                © 2004 S. Karger AG, Basel

                Copyright: All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be translated into other languages, reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, microcopying, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher. Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in government regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug. Disclaimer: The statements, opinions and data contained in this publication are solely those of the individual authors and contributors and not of the publishers and the editor(s). The appearance of advertisements or/and product references in the publication is not a warranty, endorsement, or approval of the products or services advertised or of their effectiveness, quality or safety. The publisher and the editor(s) disclaim responsibility for any injury to persons or property resulting from any ideas, methods, instructions or products referred to in the content or advertisements.

                Page count
                Figures: 5, References: 43, Pages: 7
                Categories
                Opioid Peptides

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