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      Efficacy of the Santhiflex™ method of psychomotor postural re-education in the treatment of chronic low back pain Translated title: Eficácia do método Santhiflex® de reeducação postural psicomotora (RPP) no tratamento da lombalgia crônica

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          Abstract

          Introduction Chronic low back pain is conceived of as a multifactorial syndrome that results in the loss of functional capacity. It affects the quality of life of an individual and its treatment requires a comprehensive therapeutic approach. Objective The aim of this study is to assess the efficacy of the Santhiflex™ Method in the treatment of chronic low back pain, as well as its effects on functional capacity, health-related quality of life and body posture. Materials and methods 20 patients with chronic low back pain were randomly distributed into two groups of 10: an experimental group, which was treated with the Santhiflex™ Method of psychomotor postural re-education; and a control group, which was given a lecture on postural orientation after the first evaluation. Results The obtained data were analyzed using standard statistical software, SPSS-17 for Windows (SPSS, Chicago, IL, USA) and the results were expressed as absolute and relative frequencies, and median with first and third quartiles. The nonparametric Wilcoxon test was used for within-group samples. Intergroup comparison was performed using the Mann-Whitney test. A value of p < 0.05 was considered statistically significant. There were significant differences in the main factors assessed. Discussion The findings demonstrated a significant total improvement in low back pain scores in the EG, whereas there was no significant change in the CG. Conclusion The Santhiflex™ Method is effective in the treatment of low back pain and has positive effects on functional capacity and health-related quality of life.

          Translated abstract

          Introdução A dor lombar crônica como síndrome multifatorial resulta na perda da capacidade funcional com repercussão na qualidade de vida, sendo necessária uma abordagem terapêutica integral. Objetivo Verificar a eficácia do método Santhiflex® no tratamento da dor lombar crônica e de sua repercussão na capacidade funcional, na qualidade de vida e na postura corporal. Materiais e métodos 20 pacientes portadores de lombalgia crônica foram distribuídos aleatoriamente em dois grupos de 10 indivíduos cada: o grupo experimental, que foi submetido ao tratamento com o Método Santhiflex® de reeducação postural psicomotora, e o grupo controle, que recebeu uma aula de orientação postural após a primeira avaliação. Resultados Os dados obtidos foram trabalhados no programa estatístico SPSS 17, sendo verificados a frequência absoluta e relativa, o valor mediana, o primeiro e o terceiro quartis. Foi utilizado o teste não paramétrico de Wilcoxon para amostras intragrupo e realizada a comparação intergrupo por meio do teste de Mann-Whitney, estabelecido o valor de p ≤ 0,05. Foram encontradas diferenças significativas entre os principais fatores avaliados. Discussão Os dados demonstram que houve melhora de significância total do nível de dor lombar no GE; já no GC, o nível de dor não sofreu alteração significativa. Conclusão O método Santhiflex® é eficaz no tratamento da dor lombar e em suas repercussões na capacidade funcional e na qualidade de vida, avaliadas neste estudo.

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          Most cited references 28

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          Dor lombar crônica em uma população adulta do Sul do Brasil: prevalência e fatores associados

          Para determinar a prevalência de dor lombar crônica e examinar fatores associados a esta morbidade em uma população adulta do sul do Brasil foi realizado um estudo transversal de base populacional em 3.182 indivíduos, de ambos os sexos, com vinte anos ou mais, residentes na zona urbana de Pelotas, Rio Grande do Sul. Foram aplicados questionários que incluíam questões sócio-demográficas, comportamentais, nutricionais e exposições a cargas ergonômicas nas atividades cotidianas. A prevalência de dor lombar crônica na população foi de 4,2%. As variáveis sexo, idade, situação conjugal, escolaridade, tabagismo, índice de massa corporal, trabalho deitado, carregar peso e realizar movimento repetitivo mostraram associação com presença de dor lombar crônica. A prevalência de dor lombar crônica é importante e causa limitação de atividades e procura por serviços de saúde. É possível que existam diferenças nos fatores de risco ergonômicos para dor lombar crônica e dor lombar em geral.
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            Low-back pain in commercial travelers.

            The role of occupational environment in the occurrence of low-back pain was analyzed for 1719 commercial travelers (1376 men and 343 women). At the beginning of the study (T0) the group was interviewed to determine current lifestyle and occupational factors associated with low-back pain during the previous 12 months. Twelve months later (at T1), a subsample of 1118 persons (893 men, 225 women) was reinterviewed to study the association between the incidence of low-back pain during the year of follow-up and the risk factors at T0. At T0 low-back pain was significantly related with time spent driving a car at work, comfort of the car seat, carrying loads during work, standing for long periods at work, smoking, and psychosomatic factors. At T1 driving 10 h/week or more, seat comfort, and psychosomatic factors were associated with first occurrence of low-back pain.
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              Comorbid painful physical symptoms and anxiety: prevalence, work loss and help-seeking.

              There is evidence that painful physical symptoms (PPS) are increased in patients with anxiety disorder (AD). This survey reports the 12-month prevalence and sociodemographic characteristics of PPS in subjects with and without AD, taking into account somatic comorbidity. In addition, the impact of PPS on work loss days (WLDs) and help-seeking was examined. In a cross-sectional, population-based study, a representative random sample of non-institutionalised adults from Belgium, France, Germany, Italy, The Netherlands and Spain (N=21,425) was interviewed using the World Mental Health Composite Diagnostic Interview (CIDI 3.0 of the WHO). 8296 respondents provided data on the occurrence of PPS, from which 5489 respondents reported the number of work loss days. PPS were reported by 28% of respondents without AD and by 45% in those with AD. Female gender, higher age and lower educational level were predictive of PPS. No additive effect of AD and PPS was found on the WLD score, neither did the presence or not of a comorbid somatic disorder change the findings. Finally, respondents with both AD and PPS had numerically higher rates of help-seeking for emotional reasons (20.8% vs. 15.0% for respondents with AD but not PPS) and delayed their help-seeking for a numerically shorter period of time (289 vs. 413 days, respectively). The most important limitation of this study was its reliance on self-reported data about somatic disorders. Approximately 45% of persons with anxiety disorder also reported the presence of PPS. No additive effect of AD and PPS was found on the WLD score, and the presence of PPS in AD does not delay help-seeking for emotional problems.
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                Author and article information

                Contributors
                Role: ND
                Journal
                fm
                Fisioterapia em Movimento
                Fisioter. mov.
                Pontifícia Universidade Católica do Paraná (Curitiba )
                1980-5918
                March 2015
                : 28
                : 1
                : 117-126
                Affiliations
                [1 ] Universidade Católica do Salvador Brazil
                Article
                S0103-51502015000100117
                10.1590/0103-5150.028.001.AO12
                Product
                Product Information: website
                Categories
                ORTHOPEDICS
                REHABILITATION

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