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      Intact Parathyroid Hormone, Ionized Calcium and Calcium Infusion Test in the Evaluation of Hyperparathyroidism in Chronic Renal Failure

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          Abstract

          We studied the parathyroid function in patients with advanced renal failure by determining their plasma concentrations of ionized calcium (iCa), intact parathyroid hormone (PTH) and its inactive metabolites (PTH-MM). The suppressibility of the parathyroidism was studied with a calcium infusion test. The intact PTH values of the nondialysis and dialysis patients did not statistically differ from each other. The concentrations of PTH-MM were, however, higher in the dialysis patients than in the nondialysis patients (p < 0.05). The ratio of PTH-MM to intact PTH was lowest in healthy reference subjects and highest in dialysis patients (p < 0.01), and did not correlate with the degree of intact PTH elevation in the patient groups. The calcium infusion test was carried out on 15 patients. All showed suppression in the elevated plasma intact PTH concentration and in 6 the intact PTH value normalized. The PTH-MM value did not normalize in any of the patients. During oral calcium treatment the degree of intact PTH suppression at an achieved concentration of plasma iCa was predictable from the infusion test. Three patients were parathyroidectomized after the calcium infusion test. In 2 of these elevated intact PTH normalized within 24 h while in 1 no change took place. In this latter case no clinical improvement was noted. We conclude that the determination of plasma intact PTH concentration especially if combined with plasma iCa value is a reliable means of studying the hyperparathyroidism associated with chronic renal failure.

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          Author and article information

          Journal
          NEF
          Nephron
          10.1159/issn.1660-8151
          Nephron
          S. Karger AG
          1660-8151
          2235-3186
          1987
          1987
          05 December 2008
          : 47
          : 4
          : 284-289
          Affiliations
          Departments of Medicine and Clinical Chemistry, Tampere University Central Hospital and the Institute of Clinical Sciences, University of Tampere, Finland
          Article
          184525 Nephron 1987;47:284–289
          10.1159/000184525
          3696331
          © 1987 S. Karger AG, Basel

          Copyright: All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be translated into other languages, reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, microcopying, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher. Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in government regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug. Disclaimer: The statements, opinions and data contained in this publication are solely those of the individual authors and contributors and not of the publishers and the editor(s). The appearance of advertisements or/and product references in the publication is not a warranty, endorsement, or approval of the products or services advertised or of their effectiveness, quality or safety. The publisher and the editor(s) disclaim responsibility for any injury to persons or property resulting from any ideas, methods, instructions or products referred to in the content or advertisements.

          Page count
          Pages: 6
          Categories
          Original Paper

          Cardiovascular Medicine, Nephrology

          Calcium, Hyperparathyroidism, Parathyroid hormone, Renal failure

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