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      Distribution and habitat preferences of the stag beetle Lucanus cervus (L.) in forested areas of Poland

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          Abstract

          The incorporation of Lucanus cervus (L.) in Annex 2 of the EU Habitats Directive imposed on EU member countries the obligation to prepare protection plans and undertake adequate measures aimed at the preservation of this species. A necessary precondition for their implementation was connected with the identification of current localities of L. cervus. This paper presents the distribution of L. cervus localities in Poland, identified on the basis of a survey conducted in the areas administered by the State Forests. Habitat preferences for the selection of biotopes by stag beetles were evaluated in terms of forest-site types. This will facilitate effective protection of L. cervus by indicating potential biotopes for this species, particularly in areas with high abundance. The survey showed the presence of L. cervus in 176 localities distributed in 47 forest districts. Most of them were found in three main areas comprising forests in the areas of Zielona Góra, Wrocław and the Świętokrzyskie Mts. They constitute large-scale refuges. In 98% of cases the development of L. cervus was associated with oaks Quercus robur and Quercus petraea. Other host plants included Fagus sylvatica and Acer pseudoplatanus. The age of trees colonised by stag beetles ranged from 70 to 248 years, 134 years on average. Lucanus cervus was most frequently found in deciduous mesic forest sites (41% of localities) and deciduous mixed mesic forest sites (24% of localities). Over 90% of recorded localities are situated in forested areas, understood to include stands, residual trees and stumps, as well as localities at forest edges and along roads in the vicinity of forests.

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          Most cited references 42

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          Radio-telemetric monitoring of dispersing stag beetles: implications for conservation

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            Are current management recommendations for saproxylic invertebrates effective? A systematic review

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              Applying species distribution modelling for the conservation of the threatened saproxylic Stag Beetle (Lucanus cervus)

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                Author and article information

                Contributors
                robert.kuzminski@up.poznan.pl
                Journal
                Sci Rep
                Sci Rep
                Scientific Reports
                Nature Publishing Group UK (London )
                2045-2322
                23 January 2020
                23 January 2020
                2020
                : 10
                Affiliations
                [1 ]ISNI 0000 0001 2157 4669, GRID grid.410688.3, Faculty of Forestry, Department of Forest Entomology, , Poznan University of Life Sciences, ul. Wojska Polskiego 71C, ; 60-625 Poznań, Poland
                [2 ]ISNI 0000 0001 2157 4669, GRID grid.410688.3, Faculty of Forestry, Department of Forest Sites and Ecology, , Poznan University of Life Sciences, ; Poznań, Poland
                [3 ]ISNI 0000 0001 2157 4669, GRID grid.410688.3, Faculty of Forestry, Department of Forest Pathology, , Poznan University of Life Sciences, ; Poznań, Poland
                Article
                57738
                10.1038/s41598-020-57738-9
                6978315
                31974425
                © The Author(s) 2020

                Open Access This article is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License, which permits use, sharing, adaptation, distribution and reproduction in any medium or format, as long as you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons license, and indicate if changes were made. The images or other third party material in this article are included in the article’s Creative Commons license, unless indicated otherwise in a credit line to the material. If material is not included in the article’s Creative Commons license and your intended use is not permitted by statutory regulation or exceeds the permitted use, you will need to obtain permission directly from the copyright holder. To view a copy of this license, visit http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/.

                Funding
                Funded by: FundRef https://doi.org/10.13039/501100004569, Ministerstwo Nauki i Szkolnictwa Wyższego (Ministry of Science and Higher Education);
                Award ID: 005/RID/2018/19
                Award ID: 005/RID/2018/19
                Award ID: 005/RID/2018/19
                Award ID: 005/RID/2018/19
                Award Recipient :
                Funded by: Generalna Dyrekcja Lasów Państwowych/ Polish State Forests Holding - Grant numer 29/2008.
                Categories
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                © The Author(s) 2020

                Uncategorized

                forest ecology, forestry

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