Blog
About

0
views
0
recommends
+1 Recommend
1 collections
    0
    shares
      • Record: found
      • Abstract: found
      • Article: found

      Effect of Etidronate Treatment on Bone Mass of Male Nephrolithiasis Patients with Idiopathic Hypercalciuria and Osteopenia

      Read this article at

      ScienceOpenPublisherPubMed
      Bookmark
          There is no author summary for this article yet. Authors can add summaries to their articles on ScienceOpen to make them more accessible to a non-specialist audience.

          Abstract

          Osteopenia is frequently found among calcium stone forming (CSF) patients with hypercalciuria. We investigated the effect of a 2-year therapeutic course of etidronate, a bone-sparing agent, in 7 young male CSF patients. The treatment consisted of a cyclic intermittent administration of phosphate followed by sodium etidronate and calcium supplementation every 74 days. Bone mineral density (BMD) measured at 12-month intervals and bone biopsies performed at baseline and after 2 years were the primary efficacy parameters. Mean lumbar spine BMD increased significantly after the 1st year by 2.6 ± 1.0% (mean ± SE, p < 0.05) and nonsignificantly after the 2nd year by 5.6 ± 2.6%. Nonsignificant changes were observed for femoral neck mean BMD after either the 1st or the 2nd year (decrease of 2.0 ± 1.0% and 2.0 ± 3.0%, respectively). Mean histomorphometric parameters showed that bone volume, osteoid volume, and eroded surfaces did not differ from baseline (13.9 ± 2.2 vs. 12.2 ± 1.1%, 1.2 ± 0.7 vs. 2.6 ± 0.7%, and 20.7 ± 6.2 vs. 13.7 ± 1.3%, respectively). Osteoid surface was significantly lower than baseline values (9.5 ± 5.2 vs. 18.8 ± 5.3%, p < 0.05). These data suggest that etidronate given to young male CSF patients presenting with hypercalciuria and osteopenia led to a significant amelioration of BMD, evident only in the lumbar spine after 1 year of treatment. There was no histological evidence of long-term improvement in bone remodeling.

          Related collections

          Most cited references 3

          • Record: found
          • Abstract: found
          • Article: not found

          Fracture risk among patients with urolithiasis: a population-based cohort study.

          In a population-based retrospective cohort study, 624 Rochester, Minnesota residents with an initial symptomatic episode of urolithiasis in 1950 to 1974 were followed for 11,909 person-years for subsequent age-related fractures. During this period of observation, the number of patients with a first vertebral fracture was over four times the number expected on the basis of vertebral fracture incidence rates in the general population of Rochester [standardized morbidity ratio (SMR), 4.3; 95% confidence interval, 3.4 to 5.3]. The risk of vertebral fracture was elevated among men as well as women, and was associated with increasing age and with the use of corticosteroids for more than six months. However, vertebral fracture risk was increased nearly fourfold (SMR 3.9; 95% confidence interval, 3.0 to 4.9) among the urolithiasis patients without such exposure, which suggests that corticosteroids do not completely account for the association with vertebral fractures. There was no increase in the risk of hip, pelvis, proximal humerus or distal forearm fractures in this cohort of patients, and their survival was not impaired. Additional studies are needed to define the pathophysiology of vertebral fractures among patients with urolithiasis.
            Bookmark
            • Record: found
            • Abstract: not found
            • Article: not found

            Bone mineral content in patients with calcium urolithiasis.

              Bookmark
              • Record: found
              • Abstract: not found
              • Article: not found

              Effect of Bisphosphonates on the Increase in Bone Resorption Induced by a Low Calcium Diet

                Bookmark

                Author and article information

                Journal
                NEF
                Nephron
                10.1159/issn.1660-8151
                Nephron
                S. Karger AG
                1660-8151
                2235-3186
                1998
                August 1998
                29 July 1998
                : 79
                : 4
                : 430-437
                Affiliations
                a Nephrology Division and b Rheumatology Division, Universidade Federal de São Paulo (UNIFESP), Escola Paulista de Medicina, São Paulo, Brazil
                Article
                45089 Nephron 1998;79:430–437
                10.1159/000045089
                9689159
                © 1998 S. Karger AG, Basel

                Copyright: All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be translated into other languages, reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, microcopying, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher. Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in government regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug. Disclaimer: The statements, opinions and data contained in this publication are solely those of the individual authors and contributors and not of the publishers and the editor(s). The appearance of advertisements or/and product references in the publication is not a warranty, endorsement, or approval of the products or services advertised or of their effectiveness, quality or safety. The publisher and the editor(s) disclaim responsibility for any injury to persons or property resulting from any ideas, methods, instructions or products referred to in the content or advertisements.

                Page count
                Pages: 8
                Product
                Self URI (application/pdf): https://www.karger.com/Article/Pdf/45089
                Categories
                Original Paper

                Comments

                Comment on this article