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      Social relationships, social support, and patterns of cognitive aging in healthy, high-functioning older adults: MacArthur studies of successful aging.

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          Abstract

          This study examines the relationship of social ties and support to patterns of cognitive aging in the MacArthur Studies of Successful Aging (see L. F. Berkman et al., 1993), a cohort study of 1,189 initially high-functioning older adults. Baseline and longitudinal data provide information on initial levels as well as changes in cognitive performance over a 7.5-year period. Linear regression analyses revealed that participants receiving more emotional support had better baseline performance, as did those who were unmarried and those reporting greater conflict with network members. Greater baseline emotional support was also a significant predictor of better cognitive function at the 7.5-year follow-up, controlling for baseline cognitive function and known sociodemographic, behavioral, psychological, and health status predictors of cognitive aging. The findings suggest the potential value of further research on the role of the social environment in protecting against cognitive declines at older ages.

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          Author and article information

          Journal
          Health Psychol
          Health psychology : official journal of the Division of Health Psychology, American Psychological Association
          American Psychological Association (APA)
          0278-6133
          0278-6133
          Jul 2001
          : 20
          : 4
          Affiliations
          [1 ] Division of Geriatrics, School of Medicine, University of California, Los Angeles 90095-1687, USA. tseeman@mednet.ulca.edu
          Article
          10.1037//0278-6133.20.4.243
          11515736
          47c2aa5a-f9ff-4c5a-86cd-f55148f3b12a
          History

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