Blog
About

0
views
0
recommends
+1 Recommend
1 collections
    0
    shares
      • Record: found
      • Abstract: found
      • Article: found

      Can Total Urinary Protein Measurements Predict Microalbuminuria?

      Read this article at

      ScienceOpenPublisherPubMed
      Bookmark
          There is no author summary for this article yet. Authors can add summaries to their articles on ScienceOpen to make them more accessible to a non-specialist audience.

          Abstract

          We re-addressed the question of whether routine total urinary protein determinations can be used to predict the presence of microalbuminuria by studying 61 patients who attended a diabetic clinic and tested negative or had one positive protein by dipstick. Total urinary protein was measured by the Biorad dye-binding method in undialyzed urine (UND), in dialyzed urine (DIAL), and in dialyzed urine in which albumin and globulins were separated, measured separately with albumin and globulin standards and the results added together to obtain total urinary protein (A + G). The results were compared with albumin measurements obtained by radioimmunoassay (RIA). Compared to DIAL, urinary protein measurements were 43% higher with A + G and 22% higher with UND. Microalbuminuria correlated moderately with UND (r = 0.81) and better with the other methods (r = 0.87 for DIAL, r = 0.91 for A + G). None of the methods predicted microalbuminuria reliably. Taking a protein-to-creatinine ratio of 0.15 and an albumin-to-creatinine ratio of 0.03 as upper limits of normal, we found that UND had a 72% positive predictive value (28% false positives) and 85% negative predictive value (15% false negatives). DIAL had 90% positive predictive value (10% false positives) and 78% negative predictive value (22% false negatives). A + G had 65% positive predictive value (35% false positives) but 91% negative predictive value (9% false negatives). A + G, which uses the correct standards, would be the most suitable method for screening, having the least number of false negatives, but has more false positives because it is more sensitive. In practice, most routine chemical laboratories find it expedient to use only UND, but physicians interpreting the results of this method should be aware of its limitations.

          Related collections

          Most cited references 1

          • Record: found
          • Abstract: found
          • Article: not found

          Quantitation of proteinuria by the use of protein-to-creatinine ratios in single urine samples.

          Measurements of protein-to-creatinine ratios in single-voided urine samples were compared with 24-hour urinary protein excretions for quantitation of proteinuria in inpatients and outpatients. Patients included those representing a broad spectrum of renal diseases, a wide range of proteinuria, and various degrees of reduction in glomerular filtration rate. Protein-to-creatinine ratios in single-voided urine samples correlated well with measurements of 24-hour urinary protein. This simple single-voided test is reliable and useful in the screening, assessment, and follow-up of proteinuria and avoids the problems associated with 24-hour urine collection.
            Bookmark

            Author and article information

            Journal
            AJN
            Am J Nephrol
            10.1159/issn.0250-8095
            American Journal of Nephrology
            S. Karger AG
            0250-8095
            1421-9670
            1998
            August 1998
            05 June 1998
            : 18
            : 4
            : 285-290
            Affiliations
            Divisions of Nephrology, Cook County Hospital, University of Illinois at Chicago, WSVAMC, and Hektoen Institute for Medical Research, Chicago, Ill., USA
            Article
            13352 Am J Nephrol 1998;18:285–290
            10.1159/000013352
            9653831
            © 1998 S. Karger AG, Basel

            Copyright: All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be translated into other languages, reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, microcopying, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher. Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in government regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug. Disclaimer: The statements, opinions and data contained in this publication are solely those of the individual authors and contributors and not of the publishers and the editor(s). The appearance of advertisements or/and product references in the publication is not a warranty, endorsement, or approval of the products or services advertised or of their effectiveness, quality or safety. The publisher and the editor(s) disclaim responsibility for any injury to persons or property resulting from any ideas, methods, instructions or products referred to in the content or advertisements.

            Page count
            Figures: 6, Tables: 1, References: 11, Pages: 6
            Product
            Self URI (application/pdf): https://www.karger.com/Article/Pdf/13352
            Categories
            Clinical Study

            Cardiovascular Medicine, Nephrology

            Microalbuminuria, Urinary protein, Urinary albumin

            Comments

            Comment on this article