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      FACTORS INFLUENCING ADAPTIVE REUSE OF DECLINING SHOPPING MALLS IN THE U.S.: A MULTI-STAKEHOLDER VIEW

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          ABSTRACT

          The majority of shopping malls in the U.S. have few options but to repurpose their soon-to-be empty spaces. However, developers and mall owners face a challenge to find out which solutions are best for their specific situations. This paper aims to identify decision factors for the adaptive reuse of declining malls in the U.S., revealing different perspectives of multiple stakeholders. This study proposed a conceptual framework specifically for decision-makers linked to the adaptive reuse of shopping malls. The survey asked a professional opinion on the method of mall revitalization and the importance of seven decision categories: physical, economic, functional, technological, social, legal, and political aspects. A total of 41 valid responses were analyzed. Stakeholders reported different views on seven decision categories. Investors, AEC (Architect, Engineer, and Contractor) professionals, developers, and building manager groups reported the economic category as the most important variable, whereas marketer and regulator groups responded that the legal category is the most important variable. The technology was reported as the least important variable from AEC professionals, marketers, developers, and building managers. Investors and regulators indicated the social category as the least important variable. The findings of this study are rather exploratory, not conclusive due to its limited sample size. As many more shopping malls face or will face challenges of closing, the solutions for these empty or soon-to-be empty facilities should be further studied.

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          Most cited references42

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          Building Adaptation

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            “AdaptSTAR Model: A Climate-Friendly Strategy to Promote Built Environment Sustainability.”

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              “Building rehabilitation versus demolition and new construction: Economic and environmental assessment.”

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                Author and article information

                Journal
                jgrb
                Journal of Green Building
                College Publishing
                1943-4618
                1552-6100
                Spring 2022
                21 June 2022
                : 17
                : 2
                : 83-108
                Author notes

                1. 1Assistant Professor, School of Building Construction, Georgia Institute of Technology, 280 Ferst Dr. Atlanta, GA 30332, PH (404) 894-7103, email: eunhwa.yang@ 123456design.gatech.edu

                2. School of Building Construction, Georgia Institute of Technology, 280 Ferst Dr. Atlanta, GA 30332, email: si01.hong@ 123456gatech.edu

                3. School of Building Construction, Georgia Institute of Technology, 280 Ferst Dr. Atlanta, GA 30332, email: yujin.kim@ 123456gatech.edu

                ( *corresponding author)
                Article
                jgb.17.2.83
                10.3992/jgb.17.2.83
                47e93bfd-1a0e-40f0-bd89-e1b352b5c36f
                History
                Page count
                Pages: 26
                Categories
                RESEARCH ARTICLES

                Urban design & Planning,Civil engineering,Environmental management, Policy & Planning,Architecture,Environmental engineering
                stakeholder,adaptive reuse,adaptive reuse models,redevelopment,revitalization,shopping malls

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