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      PUENTES SOBRE LA TIERRA. ESTRATEGIAS DE BROKERS EN UNA RED DE VENTA DE TIERRA. PICHIDEGUA, CHILE, 1820-1845 Translated title: BRIDGES OVER LAND. STRATEGIES OF BROKERS IN A LAND SALE NETWORK. PICHIDEGUA, CHILE, 1820-1845

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          Abstract

          El estudio problematiza el comportamiento de brokers en un circuito de venta de tierras en el valle de Pichidegua, zona central de Chile, entre 1820 y 1845. Se analiza el accionar de estos actores ubicados en posiciones estratégicas de la red para conquistar esos espacios y obtener ventajas. Se abordaron 340 escrituras notariales de venta de tierras. Los nombres de los contratantes fueron procesados mediante el software UCINET para obtener una caracterización de la red, la identificación de los agujeros estructurales y dos medidas complementarias de centralidad provistas por el Análisis de Redes Sociales: intermediación y grado. Además se recurrió a tres catastros agrícolas levantados en la primera mitad del siglo XIX para aproximarse al perfil socioeconómico de los actores. Los resultados evidenciaron una correlación alta entre brokers y quienes registraron mayores lazos y capacidad de intermediación. Se concluye un comportamiento tipo de los brokers, registrados como agricultores de mediana rentabilidad, pactando con una alta cantidad sujetos, poco centrales y débilmente conectados a la estructura.

          Translated abstract

          This article problematizes the behavior of brokers in a circuit of land sales in the Pichidegua Valley, central zone of Chile, between 1820 and 1845. It analyzes the behavior of these actors located in strategic positions of the network to conquer those spaces and obtain advantages. 340 notarial documents of land sales were addressed. The names of the contractors were processed using the UCINET software to obtain a characterization of the network and the identification of the structural holes and two complementary measures of centrality provided by Social Networks Analysis: Betweenness and Degree. In addition, three agricultural cadastres of the first half of the nineteenth century were used to approach the socio-economic profile of the actors. The results showed a high correlation between brokers and those who registered greater ties and intermediation capacity. We conclude a typical behavior of the brokers, registered as farmers of medium profitability, agreeing with a high number of subjects, little central and weakly connected to the structure.

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          Most cited references 16

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          Activating Cross-Boundary Knowledge: The Role of Simmelian Ties in the Generation of Innovations

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                Author and article information

                Journal
                rda
                Diálogo andino
                Diálogo Andino
                Universidad de Tarapacá. Departamento de Ciencias Históricas y Geográficas (Arica, , Chile )
                0719-2681
                December 2019
                : 60
                : 9-19
                Affiliations
                La Serena Coquimbo orgnameUniversidad de La Serena Chile aovalle@ 123456userena.cl
                Santiago orgnameUniversidad Bernardo O’Higgins Chile vmbrangi@ 123456gmail.com
                Article
                S0719-26812019000300009 S0719-2681(19)00006000009

                This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.

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                Figures: 0, Tables: 0, Equations: 0, References: 42, Pages: 11
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