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      Biomimetic and bioinspired approaches for wiring enzymes to electrode interfaces

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          Abstract

          Our review focuses on biomimetic and bioinspired ideas to improve enzyme-driven bioelectrochemical systems for applications in energy, biomedical and environmental fields.

          Abstract

          Biomimetic and bioinspired approaches to redox enzyme wiring involve borrowing structures and strategies found in biological electron transfer systems for use in engineered devices. Redox protein–electrode systems are evolving for several applications, including energy, biomedical and environmental purposes. This review is intended to be both “tutorial” and comprehensive in that we provide a guide to understand, design, and improve electrode interfaces for redox enzyme electron transfer processes in devices. The review examines electrode interfaces by directly comparing them with biological electron transfer systems. First, the mechanisms, theory, and structures for electron transfer in biological systems are provided, followed by analysis of the strategies and structures engineered in redox-protein devices. The review describes the challenges of constructing and applying redox enzyme devices, including the poor electrical contact between electrodes and enzymes and low lifetime and scalability of devices.

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          Most cited references 293

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          A roadmap for graphene.

          Recent years have witnessed many breakthroughs in research on graphene (the first two-dimensional atomic crystal) as well as a significant advance in the mass production of this material. This one-atom-thick fabric of carbon uniquely combines extreme mechanical strength, exceptionally high electronic and thermal conductivities, impermeability to gases, as well as many other supreme properties, all of which make it highly attractive for numerous applications. Here we review recent progress in graphene research and in the development of production methods, and critically analyse the feasibility of various graphene applications.
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            Electroluminescence in conjugated polymers

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              Electron transfers in chemistry and biology

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                Author and article information

                Affiliations
                [1 ]Department of Chemical Engineering
                [2 ]The Pennsylvania State University
                [3 ]USA
                [4 ]Center for Polymers and Organic Solids
                [5 ]University of California at Santa Barbara
                [6 ]Santa Barbara
                Journal
                EESNBY
                Energy & Environmental Science
                Energy Environ. Sci.
                Royal Society of Chemistry (RSC)
                1754-5692
                1754-5706
                2017
                2017
                : 10
                : 1
                : 14-42
                10.1039/C6EE02801B
                © 2017
                Product
                Self URI (article page): http://xlink.rsc.org/?DOI=C6EE02801B

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