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      20-MHz Ultrasound and Its Value in Imaging of Lacrimal Plugs

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      Ophthalmologica

      S. Karger AG

      20-MHz sonography, Lacrimal plug, Lacrimal drainage system

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          Abstract

          Background: High-frequency B scan ultrasonography is a proven method for the assessment of anterior segment diseases. Only few studies have used sonography to examine the lacrimal drainage system. We examined the proximal lacrimal drainage system by high-resolution 20-MHz ultrasound to verify the possibility to identify intracanalicular lacrimal plugs. Methods: Eight patients who had received 12 lacrimal plug implants were examined by high-resolution ultrasound. A 20-MHz sector scanner was used for detection and localization of 2 types of intracanalicular plugs (Herrick<sup>®</sup> lacrimal silicone plug, Smart™ acrylic polymer plug) and 1 punctum plug. Ultrasound examinations were performed 1–24 months after plug placement. Cross-sections of the lacrimal canaliculi were obtained. Results: The various intracanalicular implants were successfully viewed using the 20-MHz ultrasound sector scanner. Intracanalicular plugs were located at the appropriate position as intended. The silicone plugs could be seen as areas of higher reflectivity. In contrast, acrylic polymer plugs were seen as low-reflective inner structures. In a longitudinal echogram, the interface between the acrylic polymer plug and the lacrimal canaliculus produced a strong acoustic impedance. In patients with an intracanalicular acrylic polymer plug, the caliber of the plug could be ascertained and the diameter measured. Conclusion: High-resolution ultrasound with a 20-MHz sector scanner is helpful in detecting intracanalicular plugs and is a valuable tool to assess the migration of lacrimal plugs through lacrimal canaliculi. A 20-MHz sector scanner can be used to identify and locate lacrimal plugs in the proximal drainage system even if biomicroscopic signs or clinical data are absent.

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          Most cited references 7

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          Ultrasound biomicroscopy and its value in predicting the long term outcome of viscocanalostomy.

          To examine whether the early postoperative morphology at the site of sclerectomy, as visualised by ultrasound biomicroscopy (UBM), is an indicator of the mechanisms that lower intraocular pressure (IOP) and/or predictors of the long term outcome of viscocanalostomy.
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            Complications Associated With Silicone Intracanalicular Plugs

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              Ultrasound biomicroscopic study of ciliary body changes in the post-treatment phase of Vogt-Koyanagi-Harada disease.

              To investigate the usefulness of ultrasound biomicroscopy for evaluating changes in the ciliary body in patients with Vogt-Koyanagi-Harada disease. Ultrasound biomicroscopy was used to evaluate 14 eyes of seven patients diagnosed with Vogt-Koyanagi-Harada disease. Cross sectional images of the ciliary body and thickness of the pars plana 3.0 mm posterior to the scleral spur were examined. Predicted thickness of the pars plana was obtained by multiple linear regression analysis of thickness in the acute phase and in the remission phase. In the active phase, the cross sectional images showed a shallow anterior chamber in eight of the 14 eyes, ciliochoroidal detachment in five eyes, and a thickened ciliary body in all 14 eyes. Internal reflectivity of the ciliary stroma was low, with ciliary processes being unclear in 13 eyes. One month after steroid treatment, slit lamp examination findings were normal in 14 eyes. 10 eyes of five patients were examined by ultrasound biomicroscopy at this stage. Ciliochoroidal detachment was no longer seen in any eye. Internal reflection of the ciliary stroma became relatively homogeneous, and the ciliary processes were seen, though not clearly. However, the pars plana remained thickened. The actual thickness was greater at 1 month after steroid treatment than the predicted thickness for the remission phase. In the remission phase, the internal reflection was homogeneous and the ciliary processes were delineated clearly in all 14 eyes. Objective, quantitative evaluation of the ciliary body is possible with ultrasound biomicroscopy during the course of Vogt-Koyanagi-Harada disease. Ultrasound biomicroscopy is useful in determining disease activity in the anterior segment and in monitoring the clinical course, and it may improve evaluation of the efficacy of treatment.
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                Author and article information

                Journal
                OPH
                Ophthalmologica
                10.1159/issn.0030-3755
                Ophthalmologica
                S. Karger AG
                0030-3755
                1423-0267
                2004
                February 2004
                22 December 2003
                : 218
                : 1
                : 14-19
                Affiliations
                Centre of Ophthalmology, Ernst-Moritz Arndt University of Greifswald, Greifswald, Germany
                Article
                74561 Ophthalmologica 2004;218:14–19
                10.1159/000074561
                14688430
                © 2004 S. Karger AG, Basel

                Copyright: All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be translated into other languages, reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, microcopying, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher. Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in government regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug. Disclaimer: The statements, opinions and data contained in this publication are solely those of the individual authors and contributors and not of the publishers and the editor(s). The appearance of advertisements or/and product references in the publication is not a warranty, endorsement, or approval of the products or services advertised or of their effectiveness, quality or safety. The publisher and the editor(s) disclaim responsibility for any injury to persons or property resulting from any ideas, methods, instructions or products referred to in the content or advertisements.

                Page count
                Figures: 9, References: 21, Pages: 6
                Categories
                Original Paper

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