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      Recurrence of Nephrotic Syndrome after Transplantation in CNF Is due to Autoantibodies to Nephrin

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          Abstract

          The novel gene NPHS1 is defective in the patients with congenital nephrotic syndrome of the Finnish type (CNF) leading to abnormal expression of the respective protein product nephrin in glomerular cells. CNF patients are treated with early nephrectomy and renal transplantation, but about 20% show recurrence of nephrotic syndrome (NS). We used indirect immunofluorescence microscopy and immunoblotting and an ELISA assay to search for circulating autoantibodies to nephrin, the protein defect in CNF patient kidneys. In serial serum samples gathered before and after recurrence of NS, we show an increased antibody titer to nephrin prior to the NS episode and a subsequent drop in antibody level after its successful treatment and reactivity of the high titer sera with glomeruli in indirect immunofluorescence microscopy as well. The results show that the transplantation treatment introduces a neoantigen inducing production of autoantibodies, which may be pathogenic for perturbation of the function of the glomerular filtration barrier.

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          Most cited references 2

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          Structure of the Gene for Congenital Nephrotic Syndrome of the Finnish Type (NPHS1) and Characterization of Mutations

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            Molecular Cloning of pTAC12 an Alternative Splicing Product of the CD3γ Chain as a Component of the Pre-T Cell Antigen-Receptor Complex

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              Author and article information

              Journal
              EXN
              Nephron Exp Nephrol
              10.1159/issn.1660-2129
              Cardiorenal Medicine
              S. Karger AG
              1660-2129
              2001
              2001
              31 August 2001
              : 9
              : 5
              : 327-331
              Affiliations
              Department of Bacteriology and Immunology, Haartman Institute, University of Helsinki, Finland
              Article
              52628 Exp Nephrol 2001;9:327–331
              10.1159/000052628
              11549850
              © 2001 S. Karger AG, Basel

              Copyright: All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be translated into other languages, reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, microcopying, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher. Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in government regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug. Disclaimer: The statements, opinions and data contained in this publication are solely those of the individual authors and contributors and not of the publishers and the editor(s). The appearance of advertisements or/and product references in the publication is not a warranty, endorsement, or approval of the products or services advertised or of their effectiveness, quality or safety. The publisher and the editor(s) disclaim responsibility for any injury to persons or property resulting from any ideas, methods, instructions or products referred to in the content or advertisements.

              Page count
              Figures: 4, Tables: 1, References: 20, Pages: 5
              Product
              Self URI (application/pdf): https://www.karger.com/Article/Pdf/52628
              Categories
              Original Paper

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