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      Recurrent Lupus nephritis in the Second Allograft of a Patient with Systemic Lupus erythematosus

      a , b

      Nephron

      S. Karger AG

      Recurrent, Allograft, Lupus

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          Abstract

          Lupus glomerulonephritis is a common and serious complication of systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) affecting up to 50% of lupus patients. Recurrent lupus nephritis is rare, complicating as low as 1% of the lupus transplant population according to some authors. However, it may be underreported with more realistic recurrent rates oscillating from 2.8 to 8.7%. We report the case of a patient with SLE who lost her first allograft 4 years after transplantation with a diagnosis of de novo fibrillary glomerulopathy. She underwent a second renal transplantation and her renal function was stable for the past 5 years. She now presented with skin rash, arthralgias and positive lupus serologies. Her creatinine was slightly elevated and proteinuria was also noted. A renal biopsy performed revealed a recurrent focal proliferative lupus nephritis (WHO III). Retrospectively, we believe that her first allograft was also lost to recurrent lupus nephritis. This is a unique case of recurrent lupus nephritis in the second allograft of a patient with SLE.

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          Most cited references 2

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          End-stage renal disease in lupus: Disease activity, dialysis, and the outcome of transplantation

           John Stone (1998)
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            De novo Fibrillary Glomerulopathy in the Renal Allograft of a Patient with Systemic Lupus erythematosus

            Lupus glomerulonephritis is a complication of systemic lupus erythematosus, with 10% of the patients developing end-stage renal disease. It is accepted that lupus patients are good candidates for kidney transplantation and that the disease activity is subdued after transplantation due to rigorous immunosuppression, with a low rate of graft loss due to recurrent glomerulonephritis. While recurrent fibrillary glomerulopathy has been reported in renal allografts, de novo disease has not. We report a patient with systemic lupus who underwent a renal transplantation and subsequently lost her allograft due to de novo fibrillary glomerulopathy. Four years after her first kidney transplant, the patient presented with acute deterioration of her renal function. A renal biopsy was performed, and it revealed a focal mesangioproliferative pattern with positive amorphous mesangial immunofluorescence staining for IgG and C3. Congo red staining was negative. Electron microscopy demonstrated the presence of randomly oriented nonamyloid fibrils in the mesangiun. The diagnosis of de novo fibrillary glomerulopathy was made. The patient lost her allograft and received a second cadaveric renal transplant 1 year later. She has had a stable renal function since then.
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              Author and article information

              Journal
              NEF
              Nephron
              10.1159/issn.1660-8151
              Nephron
              S. Karger AG
              1660-8151
              2235-3186
              2002
              October 2002
              18 October 2002
              : 92
              : 4
              : 947-949
              Affiliations
              aAnatomical/Renal Pathology and bDivision of Nephrology and Hypertension, University of Utah Health Sciences Center and ARUP Laboratories, Salt Lake City, Utah, USA
              Article
              65458 Nephron 2002;92:947–949
              10.1159/000065458
              12399648
              © 2002 S. Karger AG, Basel

              Copyright: All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be translated into other languages, reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, microcopying, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher. Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in government regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug. Disclaimer: The statements, opinions and data contained in this publication are solely those of the individual authors and contributors and not of the publishers and the editor(s). The appearance of advertisements or/and product references in the publication is not a warranty, endorsement, or approval of the products or services advertised or of their effectiveness, quality or safety. The publisher and the editor(s) disclaim responsibility for any injury to persons or property resulting from any ideas, methods, instructions or products referred to in the content or advertisements.

              Page count
              Figures: 2, References: 10, Pages: 3
              Product
              Self URI (application/pdf): https://www.karger.com/Article/Pdf/65458
              Categories
              Short Communication

              Cardiovascular Medicine, Nephrology

              Lupus, Allograft, Recurrent

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