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      Contribución de sistemas productivos en la generación de ingresos en familias cacaoteras, departamento del Caquetá Translated title: Income-generating contribution of production systems for cocoa farming families, department of Caqueta

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          Abstract

          El estudio se realizó en el departamento del Caquetá, municipio de Cartagena del Chairá con el objetivo de evaluar la contribución de los sistemas productivos en la generación de ingresos en familias cacaoteras. Se definieron 22 variables cualitativas y cuantitativas, que se agruparon en cinco categorías: (i) caracterización social, (ii) características de la finca, (iii) tamaño de la finca y uso del suelo, (iv) producción pecuaria, (v) producción agrícola y forestal. En torno a las cinco categorías se generaron grupos a partir de un Análisis de Correspondencia Múltiple (ACM). Finalmente, los grupos se conglomeraron en tres clúster que presentaron diferencias significativas (P < 0,05) en las variables uso del suelo e ingresos por actividades agropecuarias.Las Fincas ganaderas grandes presentaron áreas en pasturas de 109,75 ha e ingresos anuales de $15.321.250, provenientes de la actividad pecuaria. Las fincas agrícolas pequeñas tuvieron áreas en bosque de 48,78 ha, y se obtuvieron ingresos anuales de $1.170.000 derivados del bosque. Las Fincas agropecuarias medianas presentaron áreas en cultivos agrícolas de 6,89 ha, sin embargo estas fincas obtuvieron ingresos no relacionados con la producción agropecuaria de $2.052.916. Se concluye que las familias cacaoteras requieren de diferentes actividades productivas para obtener ingresos debido a que el cultivo de cacao es de subsistencia.

          Translated abstract

          The study was conducted in the department of Caqueta, in the municipality of Cartagena del Chaira, with the objective of evaluating the contribution of production systems to the income generation of cocoa farming families. Twenty two qualitative and quantitative variables were defined, which were grouped into five categories: (i) social characterization, (ii) farm characteristics, (iii) farm size and soil use, (iv) livestock production, (v) agricultural and forestry production. Based on the five categories, groups were generated from a Multiple Correspondence Analysis (MCA). Lastly, the groups formed three clusters that showed significant differences (P < 0.05) between soil use and income generated from agropecuary activities. The large livestock farms showed pasture areas of 109.75 ha and annual incomes of $15.321.250 COP, originating from livestock activity. The small agricultural farms had forest areas of 48.78 ha and annual incomes of $1.170.000 COP derived from the forest. The medium agropecuary farms had agricultural crops with an area of 6.89 ha; however, these farms showed incomes of $2.052.916 COP that were unrelated to the agropecuary production. It can be concluded that the cocoa farming families require different income-generating production activities, given that the cocoa crop is a subsistence activity.

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          Most cited references 45

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          The Myth of Complex Cocoa Agroforests: The Case of Ghana

           François Ruf (2011)
          Most researchers defend cocoa agroforests as a model, which guarantees sustainable cocoa production while protecting biodiversity. However, in most countries, farmers’ strategies favour “full sun” cocoa farms, close to the concept of monoculture. Why this apparent paradox? Field surveys were conducted in 2005 and 2008 with 180 migrant and autochthon farmers in four districts of Ghana, including some measurements at the farm plot level and satellite images in a fifth district. An analytical grid shows how factors interact. Adoption of sun-loving hybrids; farmers’ negative perception of ecological services in relation to hybrids; legislation excluding smallholders from the legal timber market; recent expansion of the timber industry; and the migratory phenomenon. Most smallholders consider complex cocoa agroforests as a thing of the past. They were designed at a time when land and forests were abundant. The future of cocoa and timber may lie in ‘light commercial-oriented agroforests’ or a kind of mosaic landscape.
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            Consequences of the Armed Conflict, Forced Human Displacement, and Land Abandonment on Forest Cover Change in Colombia: A Multi-scaled Analysis

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              Land use and income diversification: comparing traditional and colonist populations in the Brazilian Amazon

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                Author and article information

                Contributors
                Role: ND
                Role: ND
                Role: ND
                Journal
                rcia
                Revista de Ciencias Agrícolas
                Rev. Cienc. Agr.
                Universidad de Nariño (San Juan de Pasto, Nariño, Colombia )
                0120-0135
                January 2015
                : 32
                : 1
                : 37-54
                Affiliations
                orgnameUniversidad de la Amazonía
                orgnameUniversidad de la Amazonía
                orgnameUniversidad de la Amazonía
                Article
                S0120-01352015000100004

                This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.

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