Komsit Wisitrassameewong 1 , 2 , Myung Soo Park 1 , Hyun Lee 1 , 9 , Aniket Ghosh 3 , Kanad Das 4 , Bart Buyck 5 , Brian P. Looney 6 , Miroslav Caboň 7 , Slavomír Adamčík 7 , Changmu Kim 8 , Chang Sun Kim 9 , Young Woon Lim , 1
09 November 2020
Russula subsection Amoeninae is morphologically defined by a dry velvety pileus surface, a complete absence of cystidia with heteromorphous contents in all tissues, and spores without amyloid suprahilar spot. Thirty-four species within subsection Amoeninae have been published worldwide. Although most Russula species in South Korea have been assigned European or North American names, recent molecular studies have shown that Russula species from different continents are not conspecific. Therefore, the present study aims to: 1) define which species of Russula subsection Amoeninae occur on each continent using molecular phylogenetic analyses; 2) revise the taxonomy of Korean Amoeninae . The phylogenetic analyses using the internal transcribed spacer (ITS) and multilocus sequences showed that subsection Amoeninae is monophyletic within subgenus Heterophyllidiae section Heterophyllae . A total of 21 Russula subsection Amoeninae species were confirmed from Asia, Australia, Europe, North America, and Central America, and species from different continents formed separate clades. Three species were recognized from South Korea and were clearly separated from the European and North American species. These species are R. bella , also reported from Japan, a new species described herein, Russula orientipurpurea , and a new species undescribed due to insufficient material.