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      Time course, magnitude, and consistency of platelet inhibition by abciximab, tirofiban, or eptifibatide in patients with unstable angina pectoris undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention

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          Abstract

          Adjunctive platelet glycoprotein IIb/IIIa blockade during percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) reduces platelet-mediated adverse ischemic outcomes. Although abciximab, eptifibatide, and tirofiban have received U.S. Food and Drug Administration approval for use, these agents differ in their pharmacodynamic profiles. Each of these agents has been compared in randomized trials with placebo for patients undergoing PCI, but no randomized comparative studies of these agents have been performed. We compared ex vivo platelet function by both standard light transmission aggregometry and rapid platelet function assay during and after administration of abciximab, eptifibatide, or tirofiban in approved dose regimens on a randomized basis at the time of PCI in patients with unstable angina pectoris. A reduced intensity of platelet inhibition by light transmission aggregometry was observed for tirofiban compared with either eptifibatide or abciximab. In addition, the 30-minute bolus strategy used for tirofiban was associated with delayed onset of maximal platelet inhibition relative to the initiation of bolus infusion. Whether the trends in platelet function observed in this study will be translated into differences in clinical outcomes awaits definition by larger scale randomized clinical trials comparing these platelet glycoprotein IIb/IIIa inhibitors.

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          Author and article information

          Journal
          The American Journal of Cardiology
          The American Journal of Cardiology
          Elsevier BV
          00029149
          August 1999
          August 1999
          : 84
          : 4
          : 391-395
          Article
          10.1016/S0002-9149(99)00321-5
          10468074
          48a278bf-a267-483e-8a03-120708d433cd
          © 1999

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