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      Epidemiological characteristics of facial trauma in preschool children in Fuyang City of Anhui Province

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          Abstract

          Objective To investigate the current situation and related factors of facial trauma in school-age children in urban areas of Fuyang, and to provide basis for child facial trauma prevention.

          Methods By cluster stratified random sampling method, a questionnaire survey was conducted among parents of school-age children aged 3–6 in four kindergartens in Fuyang City. A total of 1 062 valid questionnaires were included.

          Results A total of 146 (13.7%) children with facial trauma were included. The ratio of boys to girls was 1.84:1. In primary and secondary classes in kindergarten, the reporting rate of boys (24.5%, 16.4%) was higher than that of girls (13.4%, 9.0%), and the difference was statistically significant (χ 2=6.66, 4.25, P<0.05). The incidence of facial trauma was highest (19.4%) in junior kindergarten class children, which decreased with age. Falls injury (61.6%) was the leading cause of facial trauma. Most of facial trauma occurred in family (55.5%) and kindergarten (26.0%). Forehead (26.0%) and mandible (21.2%) were the main injured body sites. Skin laceration (81.5%) was the main type of injury. Facial trauma mostly occurred at 11:00–13:00 (19.9%) and 17:00–19:00 (27.4%), during June to August (39.7%). The results of univariate analysis showed that the facial trauma of preschool children was associated with gender, class, parent-rated child temperament, parental education and family type (χ 2=14.51, 18.84, 39.66, 6.56, 12.31, P<0.05).

          Conclusion Facial trauma in preschool children in Fuyang is common, which varies in gender, class, temperament and family type.

          Abstract

          【摘要】 目的 了解安徽阜阳城区 3~6 岁学龄前儿童面部外伤发生现状及相关影响因素, 为降低学龄前儿童面部外伤提 供参考依据。 方法 采取多阶段分层整群抽样方法, 对阜阳市 4 所幼儿园 3~6 岁的 1 062 名学龄前儿童家长进行问卷调 査。 结果 共收集面部外伤儿童 146 例, 学龄前儿童面部外伤报告率为 13.7%。男女童之比为 1.84:1, 幼儿园小、中班男 生报告率 (24.5%, 16.4%) 髙于女生 (13.4%, 9.0%), 差异均有统计学意义 (χ 2 值分别为 6.66, 4.25, P 值均<0.05)。小班儿 童面部外伤 (19.4%)发生最多, 且随着年龄增长, 发病人数逐渐降低。跌倒 (61.6%) 是最常见原因。家庭 (55.5%) 和幼儿 园 (26.0%) 是发生面部外伤的主要场所, 额部 (26.0%) 和下颂 (21.2%) 为主要受伤部位, 单纯皮肤裂伤 (81.5%) 是主要受 伤类型。11:00—13:00 (19.9%) 及 17:00—19:00 (27.4%) 为面部外伤髙发时间; 6—8 月 (39.7%)为髙发月份。单因素分 析结果显示, 学龄前儿童面部外伤在性别、班级、家长自诉儿童性格、监护人文化程度和家庭类型方面差异均有统计学意义 (χ 2 值分别为 14.51, 18.84, 39.66, 6.56, 12.31, P 值均<0.05)。 结论 学龄前儿童面部外伤报告率较髙, 不同性别、班级、性 格、家庭类型等发生情况有所差异, 家庭、幼托机构和社会等多方共同干预, 可有效减少学龄前儿童意外伤害发生。

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          Author and article information

          Journal
          CJSH
          Chinese Journal of School Health
          Chinese Journal of School Health (China )
          1000-9817
          01 March 2022
          01 April 2022
          : 43
          : 3
          : 452-454
          Affiliations
          [1] 1Medical Cosmetology Department, Fuyang People’s Hospital, Fuyang (236000), Anhui Province, China
          Author notes
          *Corresponding author: LI Xinyi, E-mail: lixinyi2023@ 123456163.com
          Article
          j.cnki.1000-9817.2022.03.032
          10.16835/j.cnki.1000-9817.2022.03.032
          48b360ba-2248-46ab-8d83-57e466a56e8d
          © 2022 Chinese Journal of School Health

          This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 Unported License (CC BY-NC 4.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited. See https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/.

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          Self URI (journal-page): http://www.cjsh.org.cn
          Categories
          Journal Article

          Ophthalmology & Optometry,Pediatrics,Nutrition & Dietetics,Clinical Psychology & Psychiatry,Public health
          Child, preschool,Wounds and injuries,Face,Questionnaires

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